Adverse links between wet poultry litter, footpad dermatitis and common disease occurrences

Footpad dermatitis (FPD) starts as an erosion of the footpad skin, which can look like a dirty mark that develops into broken painful ulcers if the skin gets damaged. The prevalence rates are usually seen around 20%, also reaching as high as 100% in poor management.

The disease is diagnosed by the observation of inflamed brown-black spots on the footpad of the feet that develops into necrotic lesions that can vary in size from superficial to deep. Progressing deep ulcers may lead to chronic abscesses and fibrosis of underlying joint structures. In chickens, the lesion can also be found on the hocks. In severe cases, the lesion can act as an entry point for secondary infections, which can cause partial condemnation of the carcass in meat processing plants.

The 4-tier scale for lesion scoring of Footpad Dermatitis in Poultry:

  • Normal, no lesion
  • Mild lesion
  • Moderate lesion
  • Severe lesion

There are a number of things that can influence whether or not birds show an incidence of FPD. The biggest single factor is the corrosive effect of wet or damp bedding resulting from high levels of moisture, feces, and ammonia. Water provision, stocking density, climatic conditions, ventilation, and even feed, all can have an effect. Topping up bedding material at least once a week is recommended by industry practices; moving from wet to dry litter condition has shown to result in rapid healing of the lesions, as well as improved growth rate.

Common reasons for Footpad Dermatitis

  1. Wet litter / poor bedding material
  2. High ammonia concentration in the litter
  3. Spillage from drinkers / leaky drinkers
  4. Poor ventilation
  5. High sodium, NSPs, and plant-based protein diets
  6. Zinc and biotin deficient diets

Essentiolitt: A poultry litter dryer and ammonia binder, is an efficient bioaerosol cleanser that improves the biosecurity of the farm. It reduces the wetness of the litter and destroys pathogens by acting as a disinfectant. Its antimicrobial spectrum creates an unfavorable condition for bacteria like E. coli, Salmonella sp, P. multocida, Clostridium sp, Campylobacter sp. Additionally, it reduces ammonia concentration in the litter ensuring healthy farm practices and a disease-free environment.

It is composed of Aluminiumsulphates, salts of organic acids, and a blend of essential oils. The specialty feature of the product is its least cost and handy application. It can directly be sprinkled over the litter in powder form. It is GRAS accepted and 100% natural product developed for commercial-scale organic farming.

Essentiolitt is not only seen as beneficial in footpad dermatitis but also has shown incredible results in reducing the occurrences of infections and moralities in the poultry. It is nature friendly and is also recognized for improving poultry welfare, making Essentiolitt one of the best players in its category.

Please click on “Essentiolitt” to read more about the product usage. If you have any doubts, reach us out on sales@vinayakcorporation.com

Problems of Indian Dairy Industry

Problems of Indian Dairy Industry

The world’s largest milk producer and consumer of dairy products are in India, consuming almost 100% of its own milk production. Milk products are a major source of cheap animal protein and nutritious food to millions of people in the world. Small scale dairy farming is the main source of income for small and marginal farmers.

The matter of consideration is that most of our livestock are “underfed” and hence suffer from “Negative Energy Balance” which hampers the milk quality and quantity. The potential productivity of our livestock is constantly decreasing due to negative protein balance, negative water balance, negative vitamin balance, and Negative mineral balance. These are some simple reasons why milk productivity per animal in India is low.  

The huge demand of milk production is primarily the fallout of dairy farming policy reflected in Operation Flood. Following the success of dairy farming policy by the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) new and updated strategies have been implanted. Improvement in standard quality parameters for laboratory analysis of milk by dairy and food industry has been set (protein, fat, carbohydrate, total solids, sugar, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals) for milk.

To overcome the poor quality issue in the dairy sector, feed supplement that can optimize the protein demand by improving the SNF % in milk need to be focused. The maximum genetic potential capacity of animals can be explored at the cellular level, pulling more amino acids in protein synthesis. Accelerating the body translates process ultimately leading to increased protein content in milk.

Thus, in the nutshell higher the SNF, the better the quality of milk criteria can be set for judging the milk quality.

In high-yielding animals, during the peak lactation period, there is a constant demand for food that is a rich source of amino acid that supports the ongoing anabolic process in the body. It should prevent animals from negative energy balance, maintaining healthy immunity status, improve protein, and enhance proper body development.

What is the role of Hepatoprotectant in poultry?

What is the role of Hepatoprotectant in poultry?

The liver is the central laboratory of a chicken’s body. It is essential that this organ is kept in excellent condition in order to maintain a healthy bird. Understanding the metabolic function and causes of disruptions in liver functions helps us to provide the birds with the right feed and health treatment. The liver contains great functional reserve capacity, which is very important in domestic animals subjected to high production requirements.

What are the functions of the liver in poultry?

The liver in a chicken has several significant functioning including; bile secretion, detoxification, metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins, as well as several other metabolic functions.

Liver diseases: Important damage can occur before clinical signs become apparent. The clinical silence of the hepatic lesions is due to its significant reserve of functional capacity, its complexity, and its extraordinary capacity of regeneration. Several syndromes are recognized in the poultry and a few of them are;

Hepatoencephalopathy: a medical condition characterized by neurologic symptoms caused by intoxication of the brain by-products of protein digestion, namely ammonia.

Hemochromatosis: it is a disease of an excessive storage of Hemosiderin (iron-containing pigment) in various body tissues.

Fatty Liver Syndrome: this condition occurs primarily in birds kept in cages, but has also been recognized as a less significant problem in birds kept on litter. It is associated with birds fed high energy diets and the first sign of the syndrome is an increase in mortality of the flock with birds in full production being found dead with pale heads.

Need for HEPATOPROTECTANT:

To overcome the effects of these conditions in poultry there is a need for a hepatoprotectant/ liver tonic which is a combination of lipotropic agents, liver stimulants, antioxidants, mold inhibitors, and toxin binders as a complete liver tonic.

Such a unique combination is KiFAY which apart from being an amino acid optimizer also has a hepatoprotectant effect in poultry as follows:

  1. A ready source of amino acids for hepatic regeneration
  2. Better utilization of fats
  3. Facilitate detoxification and liver cell rejuvenation
  4. Natural defense against free radicals causing cell damage, including that of the liver.
  5. Reduction in mycotoxins formation   

Biofilm Management In Poultry

Water is essential in controlling body temperature, supports the immune system, assist in food digestion, and aids in the processing and elimination of body wastes. Regardless of the procurement of water, another concern is the contamination of water inside the watering systems through a substance called “BIOFILM. It occurs when bacteria attach to the pipe walls in a drinking system, creating a sticky substrate.

Biofilms are commonly defined as attached bacterial colonies of either single or multiple species, encased in an extracellular matrix. Biofilms support the survival of bacteria in suboptimal conditions and increase resistance to disinfectants, antimicrobials, and antibiotics. To date, it is estimated that 99% of bacteria can grow in biofilms, and it is has been suggested that for the majority of bacteria, biofilms are the normal mode of existence.

 Plant essential oils like Thyme, Eucalyptol, Clove, Citronella, etc have been used for hundreds of years as natural medicines to combat a multitude of pathogens, including bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Several essential oils confer antimicrobial activity by damaging the cell wall and membrane, leading to cell lysis, leakage of cell contents, and inhibition of proton motive force.  In addition, there is evidence that they effectively kill bacteria without promoting the acquisition of resistance.

A blend of all such essential oils is HERBOFLOXIN”-This micro emulsified system;

  • The target zone for Herbofloxin is the gut; it has an antimicrobial effect in the gut due to which there is no biofilm formation.
  • It improves the number of good bacteria in the gut and simultaneously reduces the pathogenic bacteria. This action of Herbofloxin, in turn, provides a natural growth promoter effect in Poultry.
  • Herbofloxin is freely soluble in water and targets species include Salmonella, E.coli, Campylobacter, and Clostridium

An overview of Feeding Chickens for increasing Performance and Productivity

Overview of feeding chickens

An essential part of raising chickens is nourishing – feeding makes up the significant cost of production and great nutrition is reflected in the bird’s performance and its productivity.

Feeding Options

The most advantageous method for feeding chickens is with a well balanced pelleted ration, regardless of whether the birds are restricted inside or permitted to range outside. Most diets contain corn for vitality, soybean meal for protein, and vitamin and other mineral supplements. Commercial rations regularly contain antibiotics to promote and enhance development, coccidiostats for battling coccidiosis, and mold inhibitors. In any case, it is possible to acquire unmedicated encourage check nourish marks to check whether they contain feed additives. In the industry, feed is pelleted so the bird can eat more at one time. Chickens are nibblers and make visits to the nourish trough for little dinners, which requires vitality. Pelleting lessens the measure of vitality required for a feathered creature to bolster.  Distinctive rations are frequently utilized, depending upon the production stage of the bird. Starter rations are high in protein- an expensive feed ingredient. However, grower and finisher rations can be lower in protein since older birds require less. Access to clean water is important. Levels of total dissolved solids over 3000 ppm in the water can meddle with poultry wellbeing and production.

Home-mixed Rations

Poultry feed ingredients incorporate energy concentrates, for example, oats, corn, grain, wheat, sorghum, and milling by-products. Protein concentrates incorporate soybean meal and other oilseed meals, cottonseed meals, animal protein sources, grain legumes, for example, dry beans, peas, and alfalfa. Grains are generally ground to enhance absorbability. Since protein is one of the most expensive feed ingredients, the industry utilizes focused on rations and decrease the measure of protein in the eating routine as the chickens develop; notwithstanding, it may not be cost-effective to have diverse eating diets for starters, growers, and finishers. Vitamin pre-mix is normally included however might be diminished by utilizing horse feed. Different plants also give vitamins in their leaves, hulls, and wheats. Fish oil can give vitamins A and D. Yeast gives a ration of the B vitamins. UV light is a decent source of vitamin D for going chickens. Trace mineral is normally added to poultry diets, yet different sources can give minerals. Meat and bone meal is a fantastic source of minerals, especially calcium and phosphorus, and additionally being a decent protein source. Probiotics are once in a while given to chicks during placement and before transportation.

Certified Organic Diets

Home-mixed diets are especially valuable to certified natural poultry producers. In spite of the fact that pre-mixed natural poultry rations are accessible for procurement, they can be costly and maybe ought to be dispatched from long distances.

Feed Additives in the Diet

Feed additives are added to improve the efficiency of broiler growth, laying capacity of layers, prevent diseases, and promote health. The feed additives used in the poultry diet include amino acids, vitamins, antimicrobials, pH control agents, and enzymes. Protein and amino acids form an important building block in poultry nutrition. The quality of protein is graded by its illegal amino acid digestibility, the higher the digestibility the better is the ingredient as a protein source. Deficiency of essential amino acids results in retarded growth or reduced egg size or reduced egg production.

To help the industry in balancing the protein turnover and amino-acid optimization of the birds, We at Vinayak Ingredients (India) Private Limited introduces one of our niche product with a brand name; KiFAY”- an Amino Acid Optimizer.  It is an all in one product for optimizing your poultry feed and production.

MOA OF KiFAY: It improves the availability of insulin receptors which are potential binding sites for IGF-1 and thus potentiating the action of IGF-1 resulting in improved ileal digestibility of various amino acids in the feed and also improves their uptake from the blood. Thus improved amino acid accretion from blood results in better protein turnover. It also increases the efficacy and production of IGF-1 by stimulating insulin production resulting in increased bio-availability of IGF-1 in the liver.

The reason why we should use KiFAY:-

  • In broilers, it increases the weight by improving feed conversion ratio (FCR) and protein utilization.
  • In layers, KiFAY enhances the quality and other parameters of egg-like;
  • Eggshell weight by 9-10%, Eggshell thickness by 15%, Egg weight 8%, Egg length by 15-16%, Egg width by 32-33%
  • It also reduces fecal nitrogen deposition by improving protein turnover.
  • It acts as a hepatoprotectant by inhibiting free radicals causing damage to the liver cells.
  • It  optimizes immunomodulation by enhancing Gut-associated lymphoid tissues (GALT)

Thus KiFAY acts as a performance enhancer in poultry.

Improving Pellet can Improve Poultry & Aqua Performance

Great quality pellets have a few advantages: diminished waste, less isolation in the feed, improved palatability and shorter eating periods. Likewise bird performance and feed effectiveness can profit by pelleting the feed. In any case, it is not generally simple to make a decent quality pellet.

Pellet binders are products that are utilized to “tie”, “paste” or hold the different feed segments together in order that they will keep up pellet integrity during consequent operations after they are expelled from the pellet die. There are many reasons used to legitimize the pelleting procedure. These include:
○ Improved animal performance
○ Decreased feed wastage
○ Reduced specific feeding
○ Improved bulk density
○ Better material handling attributes
○ Destruction of injurious life forms
○ Customer desires
○ Feed dust/disease control
Conditioning temperature is a solid element for enhancing the nature of pellets involved essentially of grain, particularly corn/soy. Fat is a strong lubricant however is unsafe to pellet quality. Amplifying steam addition and limiting fat added at the blender are two stages that can enhance quality at a generally minimal effort for every ton. Formulation changes that can be utilized to additionally enhance quality incorporate the utilization of a binder, surfactant or addition of wheat. Generation rate has little impact and ought to be expanded.
Combining results from few trials, it is conceivable to anticipate how the different components would influence nature of corn/soy pellets in respect to each other. Equipment problems in some cases confine the plant’s capacity to reliably keep up a high molding temperature. Pellet binders can enhance pellet quality and are not dependent to temperature for initiation; they can adequately diminish fines amid issue circumstances.