There is certainly convincing scientific evidence available claiming the use of antibiotics in food-producing animals can contribute to the resistance of certain antibiotics relevant to human medicines. Therefore, EU & US is promoting ABF (antibiotic-free) poultry productions. But these current trends of ABF poultry farming industry are facing numerous challenges and the major faced challenges are as follows;
PRODUCTION CHALLENGES: there will separate processing plants required to raise ABF birds, organic birds, split birds and 100% ABF birds.
MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES: this includes a reduction in stock density, increasing down-time, cleaning out more frequently, maintain ideal temperature, keeping strict biosecurity, stress reductions, breed selection, etc.
HEALTH CHALLENGES: In the initial stages of development some birds may encounter the minute enteric and systemic disease.
ANIMAL WELFARE CHALLENGES: to establish when and how to treat the birds with the new program regime, an option of diverting to the conventional program, etc. Prominent alternatives for antibiotics in poultry farming include organic acids, essential oils, probiotics, prebiotics, phytobiotics, synbiotics, herbal drugs, and many more being added in the list. The attributes of these substitutes are as follows;