Know about Enterococcus infection in Broilers

Enterococcus infection in BroilersEnterococcus cecorum is a Gram-positive bacterium which is a normal intestinal flora in mammals and birds. To date, only clinical cases of infection have been shown in broilers. The age at which the first clinical symptoms become noticeable varies widely. For example, one strain of broiler shows clinical symptoms at a very young age (only 7 to 14 days old), while another strain detect no symptoms until by day 48.

Clinical symptoms

Affected birds can display a variety of symptoms, ranging from swollen, inflamed hocks to partial or even complete paralysis of the legs. Mostly the birds are observed sitting with their back arched stretching their legs outward. Therefore, these ultimately dies due to lack of food and water. The mortality rate due to these leg problems is approximately 5 to 7 %.

Another typical feature of this Enterococcus disease is that it affects male broiler to a much greater extent than hens. This is probably due to faster growth in them, which makes them more susceptible to stress on their bone structure and hence to infection in the bone tissue.

The bacteria predispose site because the 6Th Thoracic vertebra freely than 5Th And 7Th Vertebrae. This makes 6Th Thoracic vertebra more susceptible to mechanical stress during growth. The bacteria gain entry for growth due to stress that causes microfratures in these locations.

Prevention and treatment

  • A Thorough cleaning and disinfection of the water pipes plus drinking water testing.
  • It is possible to treat this disease with antibiotics.

However, due to problems associated with antibiotic resistance, it is important to start the control of these harmful bacteria at early stages of the poultry production cycle by maintaining balance of Good bacteria over bad bacteria in the poultry gut.  To help the industry in combating this problem we at Vinayak Ingredients (India) Private Limited introduces one of our niche products with a brand name; HERBOFLOXIN”- a blend of essential oils effective as natural non-antibiotic growth promoter. It is a non-antibiotic growth promoter because when birds are subjected to traditionally used antibiotics for a longer time they tend to develop resistance for particular antibiotics and their effect is no longer seen in the control of bacterial infection in the birds. Also, these antibiotics produce certain resistance in human who are consuming these poultry species. Where with our ‘non-antibiotic growth promoter- HERBOFLOXIN’ there are no chances of resistance development and also a withdrawal period which is necessary with the use of traditional antibiotic.

MOA

Herbofloxin contains phyoconstituents of antibacterial nature which target the pathogenic gut bacteria and maintain slightly acidic pH. This slight decrease in the pH helps in colonization by gut commensals and resists pathogenic attachment to the gut wall. Thus improved gastrointestinal microclimate favors better digestibility and uptake of nutrients, increasing weight of the poultry birds.

Various other advantages of Herbofloxin are as follows;

  • Complete gut acidification and antibacterial action.
  • Improved egg quality and size.
  • Uniformity in weight of eggs in a particular batch of flogs
  • Ease in transportation of eggs of uniform weight, size and quality.
  • Improved FCR

It is a complete growth promoter for poultry!

Respiratory Physiology of Broilers

Respiratory Physiology of Broilers - Vinayak IngredientsSimilarly, as with any avian respiratory system, the chicken respiratory system starts at the head region. Parts of the respiratory system in this region incorporate the nasal openings and cavity and the pharyngeal region of the mouth. The cranial larynx, situated in this pharyngeal region, is the opening to the trachea (windpipe). The pharyngeal region additionally has the openings of the esophagus. The cranial larynx is typically open to permit air section, however, it shuts when food is going down the throat so that the food goes down the esophagus and does not enter the trachea.

After air goes through the cranial larynx, it proceeds through the trachea. The trachea is comprised of cartilaginous rings that keep it from giving way because of the presence of negative pressure when a chicken takes in air.

The Syrinx (or caudal larynx), situated close to the end of the trachea, is the chicken’s voice box. A chicken does not have vocal strings deliver sound. Rather, a chicken’s “voice” is delivered via pneumatic force on a valve and altered by muscle pressure. It is unrealistic to expel the Syrinx to keep chickens from crowing.

After the Syrinx, the trachea isolates into two much smaller tubes called bronchi. In some respiratory ailments, tracheal fitting structure and physically obstructs the respiratory tract at the intersection of the bronchi, in this way choking out the chicken.

Chicken lungs are generally less, solidly connected to the ribs, and don’t grow. Fowls have an inadequate diaphragm and midsection muscles and a sternum (bottom) that does not loan them to extension in the way that a warm blooded creature’s midsection muscles and sternum do. Therefore, a fowl’s lungs work uniquely in contrast to those of a warm blooded creature.

A fowl’s lungs contain parabronchi which are constant tubes that permit air to go through the lung in one bearing, and air sacs. The parabronchi are bound with blood vessels, and it is here that gas exchange happens. The air sacs, which fill a substantial extent of the midsection and the stomach pit of a winged creature, are inflatable like structures at the closures of the aviation route system. The air moves in and out through extension and the pressure of the air sacs, not the lungs. The air sacs go about as roars to suck air in and blow it out and to hold part of the aggregate air volume.

The Air sacs are to some degree one of a kind of avian animal groups, discovered somewhere else just in specific reptiles. In the chicken, there are nine such sacs: two interclavicular air sacs, two foremost thoracic air sacs, two stomach air sacs, two back thoracic air sacs, and an unpaired one in the cervical range.

Another critical component of the avian respiratory system is likewise part of the avian skeletal system. The air sacs in a bird’s lungs associate with the air spaces in these bones, and the bones, then go about as a component of the avian respiratory system. They are called pneumatic bones and incorporate the clavicle, humerus, pelvic support, skull, bottom, and the lumbar and sacral vertebrae. A broken pneumatic bone can bring about a winged creature to experience issues relaxing.

6 Ways to Prevent Poultry Diseases

Ways to Prevent Poultry Diseases - Vinayak IngredientsStay away: Restrict access to your farm and your chickens. Consider fencing off the zone where you keep your birds and make a hindrance region if conceivable. Permit only those individuals who deal with poultry to come into contact with them. In the event that guests were flying creatures of their own, don’t let them close to your fowls. Game birds and transient waterfowl ought not to have contact with your herd since they can convey germs and infections.

Keep it clean: Wear clean garments, scour your shoes with disinfectant, and wash your hands altogether before entering your poultry farm. Clean cages and change food and water day by day. Clean and sterilize hardware that interacts with your birds or their droppings, including pens and instruments. Expel compost before cleaning. Appropriately discard dead fowls.

Try not to Haul Disease Home: If you have been close other birds or poultry farm, for example, at a food store, clean and sanitize auto and truck tires, poultry cages, and hardware before going home. Have your birds been to a reasonable or display? Keep them isolated from whatever remains of your group for no less than 2 weeks after the occasion. New flying creatures ought to be kept separate from your group for no less than 30 days.

Try not to Borrow Disease From Your Neighbour: Do not share yard and greenhouse hardware, devices, or poultry supplies with your neighbours or other feathered creature proprietors. On the off chance that you do bring these things home, clean and sterilize them before they achieve your property.

Know the Warning Signs of Infectious Bird Diseases:

  • Lack of energy and poor appetite
  • Watery and green diarrhea
  • Sneezing, gasping for air, coughing, and nasal discharge
  • Swelling around the eyes, neck, and head
  • Drop in egg production or soft- or thin-shelled misshapen eggs
  • Tremors, drooping wings, circling, twisting of the head and neck, or lack of movement (END)
  • Purple discoloration of the wattles, combs, and legs (AI)
  • Sudden increase in bird deaths in your flock

Early detection is important to prevent the spread of disease.

Report Sick Birds (pertinent to poultry and possibly wild flying creatures): Don’t hold up. In the event that your flocks are sick or dying, call nearby veterinarian.