Know about Enterococcus infection in Broilers

Enterococcus infection in BroilersEnterococcus cecorum is a Gram-positive bacterium which is a normal intestinal flora in mammals and birds. To date, only clinical cases of infection have been shown in broilers. The age at which the first clinical symptoms become noticeable varies widely. For example, one strain of broiler shows clinical symptoms at a very young age (only 7 to 14 days old), while another strain detect no symptoms until by day 48.

Clinical symptoms

Affected birds can display a variety of symptoms, ranging from swollen, inflamed hocks to partial or even complete paralysis of the legs. Mostly the birds are observed sitting with their back arched stretching their legs outward. Therefore, these ultimately dies due to lack of food and water. The mortality rate due to these leg problems is approximately 5 to 7 %.

Another typical feature of this Enterococcus disease is that it affects male broiler to a much greater extent than hens. This is probably due to faster growth in them, which makes them more susceptible to stress on their bone structure and hence to infection in the bone tissue.

The bacteria predispose site because the 6Th Thoracic vertebra freely than 5Th And 7Th Vertebrae. This makes 6Th Thoracic vertebra more susceptible to mechanical stress during growth. The bacteria gain entry for growth due to stress that causes microfratures in these locations.

Prevention and treatment

  • A Thorough cleaning and disinfection of the water pipes plus drinking water testing.
  • It is possible to treat this disease with antibiotics.

However, due to problems associated with antibiotic resistance, it is important to start the control of these harmful bacteria at early stages of the poultry production cycle by maintaining balance of Good bacteria over bad bacteria in the poultry gut.  To help the industry in combating this problem we at Vinayak Ingredients (India) Private Limited introduces one of our niche products with a brand name; HERBOFLOXIN”- a blend of essential oils effective as natural non-antibiotic growth promoter. It is a non-antibiotic growth promoter because when birds are subjected to traditionally used antibiotics for a longer time they tend to develop resistance for particular antibiotics and their effect is no longer seen in the control of bacterial infection in the birds. Also, these antibiotics produce certain resistance in human who are consuming these poultry species. Where with our ‘non-antibiotic growth promoter- HERBOFLOXIN’ there are no chances of resistance development and also a withdrawal period which is necessary with the use of traditional antibiotic.

MOA : Herbofloxin contains phyoconstituents of antibacterial nature which target the pathogenic gut bacteria and maintain slightly acidic pH. This slight decrease in the pH helps in colonization by gut commensals and resists pathogenic attachment to the gut wall. Thus improved gastrointestinal microclimate favors better digestibility and uptake of nutrients, increasing weight of the poultry birds.

Various other advantages of Herbofloxin are as follows :

  • Complete gut acidification and antibacterial action.
  • Improved egg quality and size.
  • Uniformity in weight of eggs in a particular batch of flogs
  • Ease in transportation of eggs of uniform weight, size and quality.
  • Improved FCR

It is a complete growth promoter for poultry!

Poultry Feed Supplements Manufacturers and Suppliers in India – Vinayak Ingredients India Pvt Ltd

How to Control Flies in Poultry Farm (5 Techniques)

How to Control Flies in Poultry Farm - Vinayak IngredientsIt is important to keep control over fly population which may irritate the farm animals and affect their performances. So here are few enlisted techniques which can be utilized to control or prevent flies on poultry farms

Fly Paper :
This is the most conventional technique towards other fly control options. Fly paper do work effectively but it has disadvantage as the fly paper containing hundreds of victim flies stuck can be unsightly and unattractive. Therefore, it has to be regularly removed and replaced with new fly papers which can also be laborious task.

Fly Traps :
The slight modified version of fly paper is the fly trap that is plastic containers with bait inside to lure flies. This is also equally effective, full traps can be ugly and smelly as well.

Misters :
A modern method to keep flies at bay is to install portable fly-spray throughout the farms. The fly spray has an insecticide which can be sprayed every 15 minutes. They are relatively inexpensive and have been tested and proven safe for use near livestock and farm pets.

Predators :
A very natural and eco friendly means to eliminate the types of flies is to use fly predators. Fly predators also known as parasitoids are very tiny and resemble ants with wings. Their sole purpose is to stop the reproductive cycle of flies. Although fly predators do not kill flies but it can be used in conjunction with insecticides to provide better results.

Feed Through System :
A feed through system also known as insect growth regulator consumed by the animals. The active ingredient, cyromazine, disrupts the pupal stage of the fly life cycle and damages the nervous system of the fly larvae. Recently, a new method has been developed to apply pyriproxyfen (PPF) as insect growth regulator. This prevents the development of fly larvae into adult flies.

Poultry Feed Supplements Manufacturers and Suppliers in India – Vinayak Ingredients India Pvt Ltd

Steps Towards Salubrious Poultry Gut

Steps Towards Salubrious Poultry GutGreat development and production in poultry and different animals rely on good digestion. The digestive system needs legitimate care to guarantee best performance.

The animal gut gives the ability to development, growth and performance. As in other animal species, the avian gut is an unpredictable and delicate system, with particular prerequisites for peak functioning. Ideal gut health contributes towards better health, welfare and performance. However, accomplishing this requires keeping up a delicate and exact gut balance. Great nourishment, bio-security, ecological and health administration can make a major contribution.

Poor gut health brings about a compromised Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) and sub-optimal growth rates. Since feed represents the largest part of running expenses for poultry producers, and as global feed costs keep on rising, ‘taking full advantage of every feast’ in poultry production has turned out to be significantly more essential. This is impractical without ideal gut health.
Both diet and disease play a vital part in the development and maintenance of the micro-structure of the gut, which gives security against pathological substances, and additionally effective absorption of supplements. Inside the gut, lining is finger-like projections called villi that give an expansive surface area to boost the absorption of supplements from food. Harm to, or changes in this structure specifically can prompt to a decrease in the gut range accessible for nutrient retention.

In addition, birds with poor gut health have a tendency to have a lower health status and are, therefore, susceptible to diseases, for example, coccidiosis – a disease that causes genuine misfortunes in the poultry industry. Reduced utilization of antibiotics in poultry and other animal production just developing, better health and immunity against disease has increased in significance for producers.

Aiming at safe, healthy and eco-sustainable poultry production, we at Vinayak Ingredients (India) Private Limited introduce one of our niche products with a brand name; “HERBOFLOXIN”– a blend of essential oils effective as natural growth promoter. It is a non-antibiotic growth promoter because when birds are subjected to traditionally used antibiotics for a longer time they tend to develop resistance for particular antibiotics and their effect is no longer seen in the control of bacterial infection in the birds. Also, these antibiotics produce certain resistance in human who are consuming these poultry species. Where with our ‘non-antibiotic growth promoter- HERBOFLOXIN’ there are no chances of resistance development and also a withdrawal period which is necessary with the use of traditional antibiotic.

MOA : Herbofloxin contains phyoconstituents of antibacterial nature which   target the pathogenic gut bacteria and maintain slightly acidic pH. This slight decrease in the pH helps in colonization by gut commensals and resists pathogenic attachment to the gut wall. Thus improved gastrointestinal microclimate favors better digestibility and uptake of nutrients, increasing weight of the birds.

Various other advantages of Herbofloxin are as follows :

  • Complete gut acidification and antibacterial action.
  • Improved egg quality and size.
  • Uniformity in weight of eggs in a particular batch of flocks.
  • Ease in transportation of eggs of uniform weight, size and quality.
  • Improved FCR.

It is a complete natural growth promoter for poultry!

Poultry Feed Supplements Manufacturers and Suppliers in India – Vinayak Ingredients India Pvt Ltd

The Significance of Ventilation in Poultry Management

The Significance of Ventilation in Poultry ManagementVentilation is one of the most widely recognized difficulties confronting broiler growers in both routine and closed-environment lodging. Ventilation systems are intended to naturally deal with this environment for poultry, particularly amid the brooding period. Whether you utilize a passage or the cross – ventilation system or a blend of both, ventilation is important to make the ideal environment that birds need to develop and create during every phase of life.

A key prerequisite of any base ventilation system is to take care of the oxygen demand of the cutting edge poultry bird and to guarantee great conveyance of outside air all through the poultry house. Oxygen is required for both the generation of warm body and digestion system of supplements fundamental for development. In the first week, the carbon dioxide is principally delivered by the ignition of LPG and from the chicks themselves. A chick’s respiratory system is a close full limit at a comfortable temperature. As the temperature drops in the environment, the chick must devour extensively more elevated amounts of oxygen to stay agreeable. Ventilation systems evacuate carbon dioxide and supply chicks with the oxygen they have to create a healthy cardiovascular system and to anticipate issues, for example, ascites, which can occur if demand for oxygen increases by just five percent.

Today’s present day broiler will consumes almost twice as much water in 28 days than they did two-and-a- half decades ago. Around 75 percent of the water consumed daily is discharged as water vapour from the respiratory system or precipitated alongside the droppings as dampness in the poultry litter. Chicks are not thermo-competent until 14 days of age and along these lines depend on supplementary warmth to keep them warm. During the initial seven days, chicks will more than fourfold their body weight. This is the main chance to accomplish such development in a single week. Keeping chicks warm and guaranteeing sufficient supplementary food, access to crisp water and great least ventilation is essential variables for deciding a herd’s general execution.

Poultry Feed Supplements Manufacturers and Suppliers in India – Vinayak Ingredients India Pvt Ltd

The Key Decision of Choosing Ventilation in Poultry Farm

Ventilation in Poultry Farm - Vinayak IngredientsIn hot summer climates shed infrastructure becomes important in guaranteeing ideal airflow for the cooling and the solace of the birds. However, when outlining an advanced broiler house the needs are very frequently determined by the requirement for quick returns. The poultry farmer empowers feed utilization from the minute the chicks land on the farm, with the most critical initial seven days. The other most difficult period, particularly in summer, is following 25 days when birds are completely feathered and hot conditions will challenge feed consumption.

The greatest challenge for houses longer than 120 meters is keeping up a satisfactory temperature get from the front to the back of the house. The level of birds comfort at last drives day by day encourage the utilization and even temperature dissemination will guarantee uniform food admission and uniform processing weights.

The amount that the air in a house warms up depends fundamentally on three components:

  • Metabolic heat produced by the ovens
  • How rapidly the air in the house is exchanged, and
  • Thermal properties of the house.

The transition ventilation framework assumes a basic part in temperature administration during brooding at day 21. It guarantees productive air exchange and temperature administration without making excessive air movement at chick level. Until the birds develop completely, they are exceptionally sensitive to air movement, which impacts feed consumption. The faster the air exchange rate, the cooler a house will be. However, a decent air exchange capacity alone won’t ensure bird comfort. Air is required to expel sensible heat created by the broilers. Most houses are outfitted with an evaporation cooling framework, intended to keep the approaching air temperature below 29°C. The Dropping temperature with an evaporating cooling system expands humidity in the house, diminishing the bird’s ability to discharge heat. By far the most critical contributor to birds comfort is air speed.

Future key design choices will rotate around accomplishing the real potential at most reduced working expenses. Later for power expenses will be the best patron to general operational expenses. One’s decision of passage fan will by far be the most vital choice.

Poultry Feed Supplements Manufacturers and Suppliers in India – Vinayak Ingredients India Pvt Ltd

6 Ways to Prevent Poultry Diseases

Ways to Prevent Poultry Diseases - Vinayak IngredientsStay away: Restrict access to your farm and your chickens. Consider fencing off the zone where you keep your birds and make a hindrance region if conceivable. Permit only those individuals who deal with poultry to come into contact with them. In the event that guests were flying creatures of their own, don’t let them close to your fowls. Game birds and transient waterfowl ought not to have contact with your herd since they can convey germs and infections.

Keep it clean : Wear clean garments, scour your shoes with disinfectant, and wash your hands altogether before entering your poultry farm. Clean cages and change food and water day by day. Clean and sterilize hardware that interacts with your birds or their droppings, including pens and instruments. Expel compost before cleaning. Appropriately discard dead fowls.

Try not to Haul Disease Home : If you have been close other birds or poultry farm, for example, at a food store, clean and sanitize auto and truck tires, poultry cages, and hardware before going home. Have your birds been to a reasonable or display? Keep them isolated from whatever remains of your group for no less than 2 weeks after the occasion. New flying creatures ought to be kept separate from your group for no less than 30 days.

Try not to Borrow Disease From Your Neighbour : Do not share yard and greenhouse hardware, devices, or poultry supplies with your neighbours or other feathered creature proprietors. On the off chance that you do bring these things home, clean and sterilize them before they achieve your property.

Know the Warning Signs of Infectious Bird Diseases :

  • Lack of energy and poor appetite
  • Watery and green diarrhea
  • Sneezing, gasping for air, coughing, and nasal discharge
  • Swelling around the eyes, neck, and head
  • Drop in egg production or soft- or thin-shelled misshapen eggs
  • Tremors, drooping wings, circling, twisting of the head and neck, or lack of movement (END)
  • Purple discoloration of the wattles, combs, and legs (AI)
  • Sudden increase in bird deaths in your flock

Early detection is important to prevent the spread of disease.

Report Sick Birds (pertinent to poultry and possibly wild flying creatures) : Don’t hold up. In the event that your flocks are sick or dying, call nearby veterinarian.

Poultry Feed Supplements Manufacturers and Suppliers in India – Vinayak Ingredients India Pvt Ltd

5 Ways to Promote Healthy Poultry Production

5 Ways to Promote Healthy Poultry Production - Vinayak IngredientsBio-security practices and farm hygiene are the most important measures in order to prevent the risk of disease in poultry production. So here are the quick 5 main ways that farmers should keep in mind while working on a poultry farm.

  1. It is an obvious fact that the healthy, unstressed birds have active metabolism and effective immunity against disease. Thus, feeding birds with a nutritionally balanced diet, maintain a comfortable living environment and minimizing fear and anxiety in the birds will help the birds to survive.
  2. Another way of eliminating the disease is the vaccination aid in preventing pathogens, especially viruses by immunizing the bird in such a way that it enhances the immune response when the bird is subsequently exposed to it.
  3. Poultry sanitation is the crucial step which the flock owner might normally overlook. Disinfectants are normally applied only after the equipment and the whole farm have been thoroughly cleaned. It is suggested to clean manure/used litter from the sheds and removed from the site on the same day. From the litter to be disposed of on site, the land disposal areas and sensitive areas such as farm must be separated to avoid cross contamination. Disinfectants are generally applied by sprays, aerosols and fumigation. A pest control program must be introduced to get rid of rodents and other pests.
  4. Litter amendment system is one such bio-security system that can act as an ammonia binder which helps in improving the exposure of ammonia to the birds and reduces its release into the environment. Litter amendment systems also having disinfectant properties may be used as bio-security enhancers in the poultry house. This also decreases the energy intake by lowering the ventilation needed during winter season.
  5. The farmer/workers should wear an apron and boots on the farm to avoid cross contamination. Hands must wash thoroughly with soap and clean water. The number of visitors must be reduced to the farmhouse or get into close contact with birds.

Poultry Feed Supplements Manufacturers and Suppliers in India – Vinayak Ingredients India Pvt Ltd

What factors cause or predispose to respiratory disease in poultry?

What factors cause or predispose to respiratory disease in poultryRespiratory physiology of poultry is unique. Unlike human respiratory anatomy the avian lungs do not expand or contract on breathing. The direction of the flow of gases is unidirectional in the lungs, making it more efficient in gas exchange.  The air sacs associated with the poultry respiration form a very important component of air storage during inhalation or exhalation.  The air sacs also regulate body temperature by diverting the air flow to pneumatic bones for effective heat exchange.

All etiologies for respiratory disease in poultry have an aerosol mediated entry point. The contact of these agents with the capillary system associated with the lungs is brief as they are diverted to the air sac for temporary storage. Air sacculitis forms a major finding for respiratory related mortalities on post mortem examinations. Keeping these facts in mind, we can list factors affecting respiratory disease as :

Environmental stress affecting breathing of the birds

  • Heat/cold stress
  • Handling stress

Immunization failures

  • Vaccine component failure
  • Immunodeficiency

Inflammatory agents affecting respiratory system

  • Microbial etiology in bio-aerosols
  • Irritant gases and particulates

Nutritional deficiencies

  • Hypovitaminosis (A & B 12)
  • Amino acid deficiencies

Poultry Feed Supplements Manufacturers and Suppliers in India – Vinayak Ingredients India Pvt Ltd

How important is the biosecurity of the litter important to broiler health?

How important is the biosecurity of the litter important to broiler health - Vinayak IngredientsDeep litter system is the most widely used for broiler rearing. Although the litter material differs in type from region to region, it is the most closely connected non ingested input for birds. The litter micro-biome comprises of myriad of bacteria and fungi which many a times directly influence the gut microbiology of poultry. Many efforts are in place to improve the poultry gut balance so has to improve performance and maintain positive health status without the use of antibiotics. In these gigantic efforts to convert the industry into clean non-antibiotic origin we may miss the miniature looking effects of the poultry litter.

Several co-factors arising from the litter including, but not limited to bacteria, Ammonia, wet litter, zoonosis and environment have been consistently raising eyebrows without much actions taken to inhibit the same. Bacterial contaminants like salmonella, campylobacter and E.coli have found safe haven in untreated litter. Ammonia emissions from these houses are coupled with other agricultural ammonia sources result in approximately 55 % of originating from manure management (Ammonia emissions, EU-28, 2013.png).

Ammonia_emissions_EU-28_20132

In the USA, Campylobacter is the second most isolated agent of food borne illness,where as in the European Union (EU), Campylobacter is the main pathogen that causes human gastroenteritis, with approximately 198,252 cases in 2009. Wet litter predominately originates from gut dysbiosis, especially in stressed birds. The easiest route to acquire infection in this case is the litter.

Poultry litter is the main reason for persistence of infection in poultry flock even after brutal antibiotic treatment due to re-infection cycles by litter contamination. Bio-aerosols arising from these bacteria and fungi are one of the most important factors for the respiratory cascade. Everyone focuses to disinfect water, bird, house and feed .It comes as no surprise that poultry litter/bedding forms a very important vertex of the etiology pyramid for broilers which spend their entire rearing cycle on it,as the most contagious contact.

Poultry Feed Supplements Manufacturers and Suppliers in India – Vinayak Ingredients India Pvt Ltd