To answer this question it is important to develop an understanding about, what is the function of an antibiotic and how it does exactly promote growth in the animals. Also, how natural alternatives can effectively prove to be a better substitute.
Antibiotics are antimicrobial drugs that are used to inhibit growth of pathogenic microorganisms that often cause a variety of diseases in animals; hence they are used as therapeutic drugs.
However, there has been the use of antibiotics in the poultry industry, in order to improve meat production through increased feed conversion, growth rate promotion and disease prevention. The postulated mechanisms for growth promotion using antibiotics are as follows-
Reduce growth depressing metabolites like ammonia or bile degrading products produced by microbes
Reduce microbial use of nutrients
Enhance uptake and use of nutrients because the intestinal wall of AGP fed animal is thinner
However, prolonged use of antibiotics results into resistant microbial strains that pose the greater threat not only to the animals, but also humans at large when these strains enter the food chain. Hence the use of antibiotics should be highly restricted.
An effective solution to the addressed issue would be the use of natural derivatives that can exhibit similar growth promoting effects in the animal without posing a threat to the food chain.
Herbofloxin is a Natural Growth Promoter, composed of several natural origin derivatives, which work in conjunction to produce effects similar to AGP.
These plant-derived compounds mainly exert their beneficial effects as follows:
Disrupt cell membrane of microbes
Interfere with virulence properties of the microbes by increasing the hydrophobicity, which influences surface characteristics of microbial cells and make them susceptible to immune system
Stimulates growth and proliferation of beneficial bacteria (e.g., lactobacilli and bifidobacteria) in the gut
Act as immunostimulants
Protects intestine from microbial attack
Enhances the production and/or activity of the digestive enzymes
Stimulate the proliferation and growth of absorptive cells (villus and crypt) in the gastrointestinal tract and increases nutrient absorption
Thus the cumulative result of these actions shows growth promoting effects on the gut of the animal that mimics the effect of AGP. Hence Natural Growth Promoters like Herbofloxin prove to be effective AGP Replacers.
A high yielding animal requires a customized diet formulated after understanding the highly integrated metabolic pathways that ensures better qualitative and quantitative yield.
Milk composition is economically important to milk producers and processors and nutritionally important to consumers. Hence, there has been stringency in assessment and evaluation of milk, which includes determining parameters like SNF (Solid Not Fat) that has become the price determining factor in dairy industry. Thus,increase inSNFis highly desirable for the farmers. This need can be satisfied by a simple yet very effective approach that is accurate feed management. Balanced nutrition means supplying adequate amounts of macronutrients like carbohydrates, proteins, fats and micronutrients like vitamins and minerals.
KiFAY is a product that provides wholesome nutrition to the animal. It is designed to improve parameters like milk yield, SNF as well as provide the animal immunity against various opportunistic infections. It has shown results on dung score and body score of the animal improving them substantially. The active ingredients of the product include Piperin, Flavonoids, Mannans extracted from natural sources.
Given below are brief role of these ingredients.
Enhancing the bioavailability of nutritional compound by two ways,
a) by increased absorption from the gut and
b) by slowdown of biotransformation, inactivation or elimination from
They have anti-oxidative properties. They modify rumen microbial activity and create desirable fermentation conditions such as pH regulation, propionate proportion and protein degradation. Once absorbed in mammary glands after circulation in blood, they significantly alter the nutritional composition of milk.
They protect proteins from degradation and improve the efficiency of
conversion of plant proteins to animal proteins (milk). By enhancing this
conversion of dietary proteins, they also increase the delivery of amino acids
for absorption in the small intestine, thereby improving the milk production
They serve as a growing medium for the beneficial flora found in the
gut. They help in establishing a balance microflora in the intestine
(eubiosis), They are also indirectly responsible for suppression of unwanted
Thus all these actions work in synergy that takes care of
diverse parameters which in turn have a positive influence on the animal.
Therefore, for those in quest for a product which not only provides their animal nutrition but also converts it into a better milk yield, Kifay is a reliable solution for comprehensive growth of the animal which ultimately results into high yield and also ensures overall good health and development.
fermentation of organic matter like carbohydrate in the rumen produces Volatile
Fatty Acid (VFA) that is readily absorbed and serves as a source of energy to
the ruminant. VFA can have a major effect on the qualitative as well as
quantitative production by the ruminant.
well-established that diets high in soluble carbohydrates (starch and sugar)
can lead to over-production of VFA, particularly propionate and lactate, and consecutively
lead to a drop in rumen pH and cause sub-acute ruminal acidosis (SARA) or acute
acidosis. Cellulolytic bacteria operate within a narrow pH range and can only
survive for a relatively short time below this range before their growth and
activity are compromised. Thus, fiber digestion is inhibited if rumen pH
remains low for long periods.
Vinyeast-P enables to fine tune the rumen environment in such a way that there is a striking balance between productivity and acidosis. Vinyeast-P is composed of Live Yeast Culture Saccharomyces cerevisiae (LYC) and Propioni bacteria. Their mode of action differs on individual front although when administered as a combination they produce better stimulating effect on the rumen synergistically. LYC maintains the anaerobic condition of the rumen, itself being an oxygen scavenging organism, as well as stimulates the growth of other microbial anaerobes. Also enhances fiber digestion and thus improves the utilization of starch supplied in the diet. Lactic acid is prone to getting accumulated in the rumen as its absorption is much slower than propionic acid.
Propionibacterium being a lactic acid utilizing bacteria helps to convert of the accumulated lactic acid to propionic acid, restoring the pH of the rumen back to normal. Thus keeps in check the detrimental effects of acidosis. Propionic acid is used by the ruminants to make blood glucose, milk protein and milk sugar lactose, thus conferring the rumen wholesome nutrition. Hence, it can be concluded that tailored production VFA is the key that assures a better yielding ruminant.
The rumen of bovine can also be called “the seat of production” which governs the extent of production by the animal.
Rumen is a dynamic, continuous fermentation compartment that houses a variety of anaerobic bacteria, protozoa and fungi. These microorganisms have a complex series of action on the feed consumed by the ruminant. The rumen microbes ferment fiber, starch, sugar, and protein to form volatile fatty acids that serves as a readily available source of energy to the animal and microbial protein that helps the microorganisms to reproduce rapidly in the rumen. However as the rumen serves as a fermentation chamber there are several parameters that are required to be in a specified range in order for its smooth functioning.
First and foremost the rumen is anaerobic. This means that there is little or no oxygen in it. Secondly the rumen temperature is one degree above body temperature at 39°C and rumen pH ranges between 5.7 and 7.3. Any disruption to the delicate balance of the rumen environment will result in poor growth of the microbes, poor digestion, and ultimately, lower milk production. For instance if there occurs any slight change in the oxygen concentrations of the rumen the conditions would turn aerobic where the anaerobic microbiota does not function efficiently.
Vinyeast is a product consisting Live Yeast Culture (LYC) derived from Sacchromyces cerevisiae. Yeast is an oxygen scavenging organism that primarily helps to maintain the balance of anaerobic nature of the rumen health. Yet another benefit of using a Vinyeast is that, it is a fiber digesting organism that produces Volatile Fatty Acids (VFA) like acetate, propionate and butyrate that are absorbed by the ruminant digestive system as it serves as a readily available source of energy thus beneficial to the animal. Vinyeast also releases a number of secondary metabolites like vitamins- Biotin, Thiamine and Folic Acid which are essentially used by the microbiota for rapid growth which in turn converts into high fermentation, high VFA, high energy and thus high production by the animal, hence ensuring holistic health of the rumen. Thus fulfills the aforementioned phrase “seat of production” aptly.
The world’s largest milk producer and consumer of dairy products are in India, consuming almost 100% of its own milk production. Milk products are a major source of cheap animal protein and nutritious food to millions of people in the world. Small scale dairy farming is the main source of income for small and marginal farmers.
The matter of consideration is that most of our livestock are “underfed” and hence suffer from “Negative Energy Balance” which hampers the milk quality and quantity. The potential productivity of our livestock is constantly decreasing due to negative protein balance, negative water balance, negative vitamin balance and Negative mineral balance. These are some simple reasons as to why milk production per animal in India is low.
The huge demand of milk production is primarily the fallout of the dairy farming policy reflected in Operation Flood. Following the success of the dairy farming policy by The National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) new and updated strategies has been implanted. Improvement in standard quality parameters for laboratory analyses of milk by dairy and food Industry has been set (protein, fat, carbohydrate, total solids, sugar, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals) for milk.
To overcome the poor quality issue in the dairy sector, feed supplement that can optimize the protein demand by improving the SNF in milk need to be focused. The maximum genetic potential capacity of animals can be explored at the cellular level, pulling more amino acids in protein synthesis. Accelerating the body translates process ultimately leading to increased protein content in milk.
Thus, in the nutshell higher the SNF, better the quality of milk criteria can be set for judging the milk quality.
In high yielding animals, during peak lactation period there is a constant demand of food that are rich source of amino acid which support the ongoing anabolic process in the body. It should prevent animals from negative energy balance, maintaining healthy immunity status, improve protein and enhance proper body development.
Goats are animals belonging to the browsers (herbivore) category and prefer eating brushy plants and some other woody, weedy plants found in the ranges. Nutritional requirements of goats are determined by their age, sex, breed, production system (dairy or meat), body size, climate and physiological stage. The Feeding strategies, also play a vital role and help them to meet the energy, protein, mineral, and vitamin needs depending on the condition of the goats. Goats do not depend on intensive feeding systems except some supplemental feeding during growth, lactation, pregnancy and winter. Goats belong to the small ruminant group, this group utilizes protein most efficiently provided with a supply of amino acids that also matches tissue requirements are utilized for growth in ruminants. The amino acid composition of body protein helps to determine the balance of amino acids required for growth in mammals. The ideal protein is a perfect ratio between individual all amino acids and nitrogen required for optimal performance.
To help the livestock industry in balancing the protein turnover and amino-acid optimization of ruminants, We at Vinayak Ingredients (India) Private Limited take our privilege to introduce one of our niche products with a brand name; “KiFAY”– an Amino Acid Optimizer. It is an all in one product for optimizing the overall performance and productivity of goats and other meat producing animals.
MOA OF KiFAY
It improves the availability of insulin receptors, which are potential binding sites for IGF-1 and thus potentiating the action of IGF-1 resulting in improved ileal digestibility of various amino acids in the feed and also improves the their uptake from blood. Thus improved amino acid accretion from blood results in a better protein turnover. It also increases the efficacy and production of IGF-1 by stimulating insulin production, resulting in increased bio-availability of IGF-1 in the liver.
The reason why we should use KiFAY
It improves hair and skin quality of the flock.
Enhances lean meat production.
Also, it improves the digestibility of the food helping in more protein synthesis and weight gain.
It improves the milk quality and increases milk production rate
It acts as an immunity enhancer.
Thus KiFAY is an all in one performance enhancer!!
The Livestock industry is an important component of the agricultural sector of any country producing meat, eggs, beef, pork and other quality products of animal origin.
This industry plays a vital role in market development and use of technology. Food safety is universally recognized as a public health priority. It requires a holistic approach, from production to consumption. Various aspects of animal production are at risk from biological, chemical and physical agents. These agents can enter food-producing animals and animal products through a wide variety of exposure points in the production, with high potential risks for the consumers. Therefore, it is essential that Good Management Practices are followed in the meat production to address these hazards. Following are the recommended Good Practices that should be followed on the farm.
Sanitation and hygiene:
All movable equipment like feeders, waterers and hovers should be removed from the house, cleaned and disinfected. The interior as well as the exterior of the house should be cleaned under pressure. The house should be disinfected with any commercial disinfectant solution at the recommended concentration.
Brooder house – It should be draft-free, rain-proof and protected against predators. Brooding pens should have windows for adequate ventilation. Availability of dust particles in the environment irritates the respiratory tract of the chicks. Also dust is one of the vehicles for disease transmission. The presence of more moisture in the environment causes ammonia fumes which irritate the respiratory tract and eyes.
Brooding Temperature – Heating is very much essential to provide the right temperature in the brooder house. Too high or too low temperature slows down growth and causes mortality. During the first week the temperature should be 95°F (35°C) which may be reduced by 5°F per week during each successive week till 70°F (21·10C). The brooder should be switched on for at least 24 hours before the chicks arrive. As a rule of thumb the temperature inside the brooder house should be approximately 20°F (-6·7°C) below the brooder temperature.
Animal Nutrition and Feeding
Meeting the requirements of livestock nutrition is extremely important to maintain acceptable performance of neonatal, growing, finishing and breeding animals. An optimal nutritional program should ensure adequate intakes of amino acids (essential and nonessential), carbohydrates, fatty acids, minerals, and vitamins by animals through a supplementation program that corrects deficiencies in basal diets. 22 amino acids are needed to form body protein, some of which can be synthesized by the bird (non-essential), whereas others cannot be made at all or in sufficient quantities to meet metabolic needs (essential). Essential amino acids must be supplied by the diet, and a sufficient amount of non-essential amino acids must also be supplied to prevent the conversion of essential amino acids into non-essential amino acid. These essential amino acids must therefore be fed in order to supply the building blocks needed in the synthesis of body proteins thereby supporting growth.
Some other Farm management practices include, Litter management, Water Sanitization, Animal health management, Veterinary medicines and biological, Environment and infrastructure, Animal and product handling, etc.
We at Vinayak Ingredients Pvt. Ltd. Aim at making the livestock production free from all the major hazards for safe and healthy production and consumption of the meat. We believe in “HERBOCORE” process and our aim is to manufacture safe, eco-sustainable and cost effective solutions for the benefits of the industry”.
Our wide variety of products include:
KiFAY : An Amino Acid Optimizer. It improves the availability of insulin receptors, which are potential binding sites for IGF-1 and thus potentiating the action of IGF-1 resulting in improved ileal digestibility of various amino acids in the feed and also improves the their uptake from blood. Thus, improved amino acid accretion from blood results in a better protein turnover. It also increases the efficacy and production of IGF-1 by stimulating insulin production, resulting in increased bio-availability of IGF-1 in the liver.
HERBOFLOXIN : Natural antibiotic growth promoter. It improves the number of good bacteria in the gut and simultaneously reduces the pathogenic bacteria.
MUCOFORT : An Advance Mucin enhancer and respiratory tonic.
ESSENTIOLITT : It is an anti-vector solution. Controls and eradicates all stages of the insects and also ensures an unfavorable environment for them to prevent re-infestation.
VINTOXO : An excellent Toxin Binder which absorbs various mycotoxins on the surface with a CEC of 35 to 45 mEq per 100gms, it is able to absorb polar as well as non-polar mycotoxins and clears it out of the system.
Solids Not Fat (SNF) consists of everything except milk fat and water. That means total solids content in the entire residue left after complete evaporation of water from milk. This includes fat protein, lactose and mineral matter. Normally cow milk contains 8.5% SNF whereas buffalo milk contains 9.0% SNF
Crisis in Indian Dairy Industry & Effect on Milk Production
Milk Composition based on fat percentage and SNF percentage in milk yield has played a huge role in dairy product price. Thus the recent crisis in Indian dairy industry has led Government of India to come up with strict norms to determine milk price rates based on fat and SNF percentages.
How to Improve SNF and Fat percentage in Milk Production
Due to high price of raw materials and lack of scientific farming knowledge, the cost of production of milk is increasing a day by day. Increasing milk fat and Solids Not Fat (SNF) level in milk will increase the selling for milk and thus maximise profit in dairy farming.
Proper feeding management in dairy cows and buffaloes is one of the vital factors that will yield better milk production with maximum Fat and SNF content. Knowledge on nutrient requirement and balanced nutrition will improve the productivity of animals.
Role of Cattle Feed supplement in managing milk yield and composition
All factors in milk composition work in synergy. Vinayak Ingredients India Pvt Ltd, with its extensive R&D has introduced SNF Milk Booster Cattle Feed Supplement – “Kifay Ruminant” a revolutionary product that is a perfect solution to proper feed management supplement for cattle to improve immunity, provide nutrition & minerals, increase fat and SNF percentage in milk yield.
Mycotoxin is a secondary metabolite produced by molds and fungi, normally at a stationary phase. In order for fungi to produce these secondary metabolites, they must be in stress by some factor, such as nutritional restriction, drought or water excess. One fungal species may produce various mycotoxins, and several fungal species may produce the same mycotoxin. One such type of mycotoxins is Aflatoxins.
Aflatoxin influences all poultry species. Increasing amounts of aflatoxin causes mortality and low levels can be impeding if consistently fed. Aflatoxin pollution can diminish the bird’s capacity to withstand stress by inhibiting the immune system. This malfunction can diminish egg size and reduce egg production.
Mycotoxins produced by the fungus Fusarium include: T¬2 toxin and it’s other relatives (trichothecenes), fumonisin, deoxynivalenol (DON), and zearalenone. The identification of these mycotoxins inside poultry rations demonstrates that the ration or the ingredients in the ration have been subjected to fungal growth. Since various different mycotoxins, and in addition lessened nutritive value and acceptability of feeds, are produced by mold activity, the presence of deoxynivalenol, fumonisin, or zearalenone in poultry feeds is reason for concern. T2 toxin and trichothecenes can bring about mouth and intestinal lesions and in addition weaken the birds’ immune response, creating egg production declines, diminished feed consumption, weight loss, and altered feather patterns. However, in field circumstances the DON level is once in a while, connected with reduced feed consumption in layers and broiler breeders. This implies DON might be an indicator that T2 or other unknown Fusarium mycotoxins are available.
Prevention and Management of Mycotoxins
Controlling mold development and mycotoxin production are vital to the feed manufacturer and livestock producer.
Grains and other dry feed, for example, hay ought to be put away at a dampness level 14 % or less to reduce fungal growth.
Aeration of grain bin is essential to decrease dampness relocation and to keep the feed stuffs dry.
To control fungal growth, places of dampness in the feed handling and storage equipment, for example, spills in feed storage tanks, augers, rooftops (either at poultry shelter or at the feed plant), and compartments in feed trucks must be eliminated.
When feed is made and conveyed to farms, it might interact with old feed that has held up in different zones of the feed storage and delivery systems. To prevent this problem, solidified, mold covered feed ought to be expelled from all feed assembling and handling equipment.
To make the poultry production safe and free from these mycotoxins; Vinayak Ingredients have come up with an excellent Toxin Binder which is completely of natural origin. A blend of clay that target and binds mycotoxins. VINTOXO binds to primarily Aflatoxins and Ochratoxin and to Zearalenone, Deoxynivalenol with a brand name as “VINTOXO”
MOA of Vintoxo : it absorbs various mycotoxins on the surface with a CEC of 35 to 45 mEq per 100gms; it is able to absorb polar as well as non-polar mycotoxins and clears it out of the system. The advantages of Vintoxo for complete protection are as follows;
A premix is a blend of minerals, vitamins, feed supplements and diluents. The premix business is charged of the obligation of assembling a fantastic premix reliably, effectively and monetarily. The principle objective in feed mixing is to guarantee that an animal gets the majority of its figured supplement remittances consistently. Most sustain producers utilize the coefficient of variation (CV) to gauge blender execution and blend consistency. The CV is characterized as 100 * standard deviation/mean. A 5% CV is the business standard for generally fixings. An ingredient mix CV of 5% grants that an animal gets no less than 90% of its planned dietary stipends 95% of the time. Be that as it may, the size of an adequate CV will change, contingent upon the logical accuracy for measuring the fixing and the fixing proportion in the eating routine. The CV for a fixing test (repeatability of the explanatory system) out to be not exactly the wanted CV for blender proficiency. With respect to ingredient ratio, the lower the ingredient concentration in the mix, the higher the CV. Hence, the CV is generally higher for follow mineral, vitamins and medications in light of the fact that their fixing proportions are low (under 1:10,000).
A quality premix can be made just through a stringent quality affirmation program and current great assembling rehearses (cGMP). Quality affirmation is a proactive, persistent framework for observing reproducibility and dependability of an item. It incorporates all the activities undertaken to guarantee foreordained benchmarks of a quality premix. Good manufacturing practices cover covers all the areas of the production process like staff, offices, crude materials, quality affirmation checks, stock control, preparing, blending, packaging and conveyance.
1) Premix : Premix micro ingredients, for example, antibiotic growth promoters, vitamins, and minerals with a reasonable diluent before their consideration in a supplement. Diluents serve to dilute the micro ingredient and consequently encourage the rate of blending. Diluents ought to be dry with a specific end goal to allow a more uniform scattering of individual miniaturized scale fixing particles. Dampness must be maintained a strategic distance from as it might bring about entertainment and bunching (hygroscopic mixes, for example, urea are not appropriate diluents). Nonetheless, it can be preformed all the more effective and proficiency by method for a small portable cylinder mixer (cement mixer). Defensive apparel, gloves and clean veil ought to be worn when handling micro ingredients.
2) Supplement : This supplement will contain the premix, an appropriate Carriers, and the remaining minor dry ingredients in the diet routine including minerals, urea, and supplemental protein sources. Carriers are feed ingredients which join with the small scale fixings in the premix to change their physical attributes. By adsorbing to the carrier, the fine particles of the micro ingredients are permitted to move all the more quickly and consistently through the blender. This quick development of micro ingredients through the blend is vital to guarantee satisfactory dispersion before the addition of molasses. The carriers ought to have physical properties practically identical to ground grain or oil seed dinners. For sure, both of these might be utilized as carriers. Be that as it may, the absorptive properties of ground grain and oilseed suppers are low. This constraint might be overcome by first consolidating 2% fat to the ground grain or oil seed feast before mixing with the premix. In preparing the supplement, first include the carrier, and then include other major ingredients until they achieve the focal shaft line, then include the premix and other minor ingredients, lastly include the remaining major ingredients.
3) Finished feed : Finished feed might be prepared as follows:
Include the grain portion of the diet to the blender
Add the dry supplement to the center of the blender (if possible, include supplementing the inverse end of the blender to where the feed is released
Permit feed to blend for at least 1 minute
Add forage part of the diet
Add fat segment of the diet
Add molasses of the diet
Permit to blend for the time determined in the blender.
4) Adding Molasses : Molasses is a typical ingredient in diet formulation. However, it is very viscous and this introduces a few issues in feed mixing. Surely, if added to the diet despicably it can bring about marked increments in the CV of the micro ingredients. Dark strap molasses are especially viscous. The proficiency of mixing dark strap molasses with other dietary fixings will be improved in the event that it is initially weakened with water. The consistency of molasses is notably diminished by warming. Molasses ought not be warmed to temperatures in abundance of 43 degrees Celsius, except for very short periods of time, as this may cause carmelization.
Here are some of the benefits of premixing, Accuracy of the weighting of the micro-ingredients
Micro-ingredients would require a much higher precision of weighting than macro-ingredients. That would request adjusted hardware that ought to be committed and set up particularly for micro-ingredients
Savings of blending time
As specified over, the preparation of premixes can decrease the preparing time. In fact, the weighting of the micro-ingredients can be extremely tedious and it would be more profitable to sort out this procedure in parallel with the preparation of the macro-ingredients.
Reduction of cross contamination
The addition of diluted micro-ingredients into the system will leave lower traces than if the same micro-ingredients were incorporated pure. Also, it is simpler to clean up the premixing equipment because of its smaller size and easier access.