Livestock industry is an important component of the agricultural sector of any country producing meat, eggs, beef, pork and other quality products of animal origin. This industry plays a vital role in market development and use of technology. Food safety is universally recognized as a public health priority. It requires a holistic approach, from production to consumption. Various aspects of animal production are at risk from biological, chemical and physical agents. These agents can enter food-producing animals and animal products through a wide variety of exposure points in the production, with high potential risks for the consumers. Therefore it is essential that Good Management Practices are followed in the meat production to address these hazards. Following are the recommended Good Practices that should be followed on the farm.
Sanitation and hygiene:
All movable equipment like feeders, waterers and hovers should be removed from the house, cleaned and disinfected. The interior as well as exterior of the house should be cleaned under pressure. The house should be disinfected with any commercial disinfectant solution at the recommended concentration.
It should be draft-free, rain-proof and protected against predators. Brooding pens should have windows for adequate ventilation. Availability of dust particles in the environment irritates the respiratory tract of the chicks. Also dust is one of the vehicles for disease transmission. Presence of more moisture in the environment causes ammonia fumes which irritate the respiratory tract and eyes.
Heating is very much essential to provide right temperature in the brooder house. Too high or too low temperature slows down growth and causes mortality. During the first week the temperature should be 95°F (35°C) which may be reduced by 5°F per week during each successive week till 70°F (21·10C). The brooder should be switched on for at least 24 hours before the chicks arrive. As a rule of thumb the temperature inside the brooder house should be approximately 20°F (-6·7°C) below the brooder temperature.
Animal Nutrition and Feeding
Meeting the requirements of livestock nutrition is extremely important to maintain acceptable performance of neonatal, growing, finishing and breeding animals. An optimal nutritional program should ensure adequate intakes of amino acids (essential and nonessential), carbohydrates, fatty acids, minerals, and vitamins by animals through a supplementation program that corrects deficiencies in basal diets.22 amino acids are needed to form body protein, some of which can be synthesized by the bird (non-essential), whereas others cannot be made at all or in sufficient quantities to meet metabolic needs (essential). Essential amino acids must be supplied by the diet, and a sufficient amount of non-essential amino acids must also be supplied to prevent the conversion of essential amino acids into non-essential amino acid. These essential amino acids must therefore be fed in order to supply the building blocks needed in the synthesis of body proteins thereby supporting growth.
Some other Farm management practices include, Litter management, Water Sanitization, Animal health management, Veterinary medicines and biological, Environment and infrastructure, Animal and product handling, etc.
We at Vinayak Ingredients Pvt. Ltd. Aim at making the livestock production free from all the major hazards for safe and healthy production and consumption of the meat. We believe in “HERBOCORE” process and our aim is to manufacture safe, eco-sustainable and cost effective solutions for the benefits of the industry”. Our wide variety of products includes:
- “KiFAY”-an Amino Acid Optimizer. It improves the availability of insulin receptors which are potential binding sites for IGF-1 and thus potentiating the action of IGF-1 resulting in improved ileal digestibility of various amino acids in the feed and also improves the their uptake from blood. Thus, improved amino acid accretion from blood results in better protein turn over. It also increases the efficacy and production of IGF-1 by stimulating insulin production resulting in increased bio-availability of IGF-1 in the liver.
- “HERBOFLOXIN”-Natural antibiotic growth promoter. It improves the number of good bacteria in the gut and simultaneously reduces the pathogenic bacteria.
- “MUCOFORT”-An Advance Mucin enhancer and respiratory tonic.
- “ESSENTIOLITT”-It is an anti-vector solution. Controls and eradicates all stages of the insects and also ensures unfavorable environment for them to prevent re-infestation.
- “VINTOXO”– an excellent Toxin Binder which absorbs various mycotoxins on the surface with a CEC of 35 to 45 mEq per 100gms, it is able to absorb polar as well as non-polar mycotoxins and clears it out of the system.