Respiratory disease frequently introduces itself with more than one bird sneezing. These birds can have a runny nose and foamy running eyes. In serious cases these birds can have swollen sinuses (displays as swelling around the eyes), quit eating and in extreme cases they die.
There are various predisposing factors for respiratory disease in chickens: as with any animal stress can bring about a hidden disease to show itself. This stress could be utmost temperatures and humidity, high stocking thickness, being transported, being taken to a poultry appear and new creatures being acquainted with a current/ established run. There are various numbers of pathogens required in respiratory disease in chickens. It is regularly the case that more than one pathogen is included; the most widely recognized ones are Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Infectious Bronchitis, ART (AvianRhinoTracheitis infection) and ILT (Infectious LaryngoTracheitis infection).
Besides chickens have a one of a kind respiratory system as compared to mammals. They have air sacs which are very thin and when viruses, for example, IB virus damage the cells of the trachea (windpipe) the birds can inhale in microorganisms which can cross the air sacs into the guts to bring about peritonitis.
The most ideal method for avoiding contamination of your birds is to minimize stress, guarantee the stocking density and ventilation are right and that you purchase in disease free birds from a trustworthy provider which has been isolated for no less than 3 weeks. If you breed your own particular birds and you have any continuous disease issues you can consider vaccination of your flock.
Nitrogen is highly found in animal excreta and can exist in various forms. One such form is “Ammonia”. Primarily ammonia is a result of breakdown of urea present in urine of birds by the enzymes; urease and uricase. It is a potential source to create bad odour and negatively impact air and water quality and animal as well as human health. Presence of ammonia above 25ppm in the poultry house can damage the respiratory system of the birds and also there is a reduction in immune system; leading to declining flock health and performance. In addition to the effects on bird’s health, ammonia has significant hazardous effect on the caretakers and to the environmental ecology.
High levels of ammonia emission inside the poultry house have also become a cause of concern for the atmosphere outside the poultry house. Therefore there is a great need to develop strategies to reduce ammonia formation, volatilization, or downwind transmission of ammonia after it is volatilised from the poultry manure to minimise the harmful effects of ammonia on animal and human health as well as the environment.
Keeping this in mind and with a view to develop ‘ammonia- free ‘and organic environment for all, Vinayak Ingredients have launched a product with a brand name “KiFAY” which is a blend of various herbal extracts in a diatomaceous carrier which acts as a DL-Methionine replacer and a nutritional feed additive and goes directly into the feed and acts as an amino acid optimiser and improves the apparent ileal digestibility of the feed and hence improves the protein turnover this also reduces the amount of amino acid degradation by the liver and excretion by kidney which form the major part of nitrogen compounds excreted by poultry. In turn these compounds are also responsible for ammonia and smell in the poultry house, apart from posing stressors for liver and kidney.
Vinayak Ingredients have also launched a Bio-security product which combats the remaining ammonia emission in the droppings of the birds which acts as a litter amendment system under the brand name of “ESSENTIOLITT-POULTRY”. Essentiolitt poultry is an ammonia binder and has bactericidal action on urease and uricase enzymes and inhibit the ammonia formation by increasing 45% nitrogen retention and ammonia emission.