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How to increase Performance and Production in Poultry

As poultry farming has already proven to be a profitable business with minimum investment. A combination of quality nutrition, veterinary guidance, and biosecurity in farm and bird management will help to ensure birds have the best possible chance to perform at their maximum potential.

The term FLAWS actually serves as a prompt for a detailed approach to good management practices, not only during the brooding stage but throughout the life of the flock. This reminds me of the routine check for basic parameters such as feed, light, litter, air, water, biosecurity, sanitation, space, and staff.

Pre-placement preparation

Advance preparation is needed before the new flock arrives to prevent losses during brooding and the rest of growing out.

Brooding management

Brooding is a period immediately after the hatch when special care and attention is given to chicks to support their health and survival. Since recently hatched chick has not yet developed their body mechanism to regulate its body temperature hence, it cannot maintain its body temperature properly for the first few weeks. Therefore the room temperature needs to adjust the temperature to 35°C (95F) at the edge of the brooder 2 inches (5cm) above the litter during the initial few weeks. Lower the temperature by 2.85°C (5F) each week until it reaches 70°F. Thus the temperature of 21°C appears to be ideal during the growing period. 

Litter management

The litter in a poultry house acts as bedding for the birds. Litter condition and quality have an impact on poultry health and profitability.

Proper management of wet litter is important for the intestinal health of birds. Without proper management, wet litter can serve as a potent source for hazardous pathogens and may also act as a start point for stress and infection that develops and leads to disease.

Also, wet litter problems increase, ammonia levels in the farm rise that are potentially detrimental to bird health.

Sometimes, when the litter is too dry and dusty becomes an indicator that the birds may not be drinking enough. The dry feces in the powder form may lead to respiratory problems.

Water management

Water is the most crucial nutrient for poultry. Drinking water accounts for 70–80 percent of the bird’s daily physiological needs. Poultry will generally consume more water than feed. An abundance of clean water will reduce challenges and maximize performance.

Feed management

Properly balanced feed formulated on the basis of age, sex, and physiological needs help in making the poultry full-grown and disease-free. Good feed quality that avoids contaminants such as mycotoxins is important to ensure performance.

Stocking density

Overcrowding during housing conditions generates high stress in poultry.  This has a negative impact on performance and production. Lowering stocking density throughout the overall production of the poultry may help to reduce stress.

Environmental management

General environmental management of the farm includes many components. Coccidiosis is one of the diseases of consideration based on the living condition of poultry.

As the poultry ingest eggs of parasites from contaminated litter, and these pass into the intestinal tract, They target the intestinal cells. Several cycles of replication occur which lead to the formation of new oocysts that are shed in the feces. When suitable environmental conditions like temperature and humidity prevail, the oocysts sporulate and become infective. The entire cycle takes 4 to 6 days. Thus massive immense replication during the intracellular phase makes the parasite a serious problem in farm management.

Mortality checks

Cull diseased birds as early as possible.

Know about Enterococcus infection in Broilers

infection in Broilers

Enterococcus cecorum is a Gram-positive bacterium which is a normal intestinal flora in mammals and birds. To date, only clinical cases of infection have been shown in broilers. The age at which the first clinical symptoms become noticeable varies widely. For example, one strain of broiler shows clinical symptoms at very young age (only 7 to 14 days old), while other strain detect no symptoms until by day 48.

Clinical symptoms

Affected birds can display a variety of symptoms, ranging from swollen, inflamed hocks to partial or even complete paralysis of the legs. Mostly the birds are observed sitting with their back arched stretching their legs outward. Therefore, these ultimately die due to lack of food and water. Mortality rate due to these leg problems is approximately 5 to 7 %.

Another typical feature of this disease is that it affects male broilers to a much greater extent than hens. This is probably due to faster growth in them, which makes them more susceptible to stress on their bone structure and hence to infection in the bone tissue.

The bacteria predispose site because the 6th thoracic vertebra freely than the 5th and 7th vertebrae. This makes the 6th thoracic vertebra more susceptible to mechanical stress during growth. The bacteria gain entry for growth due to stress that causes microfractures in these locations.

Prevention and treatment

·  Thorough cleaning and disinfection of the water pipes plus drinking water testing.

· It is possible to treat this disease with antibiotics.

However, due to problems associated with antibiotic resistance, it is important to start the control of these harmful bacteria at the early stages of the poultry production cycle by maintaining a balance of good bacteria over bad bacteria in the poultry gut.  To help the industry in combating this problem we at Vinayak Ingredients
(India) Private Limited introduces one of our niche products with a brand name; “HERBOFLOXIN”- a blend of essential oils effective as natural non-antibiotic growth promoter. It is a non-antibiotic growth promoter because when birds are subjected to traditionally used antibiotics for a long time they tend to develop resistance for particular antibiotics and their effect is no longer seen in the control of bacterial infection in the birds. Also, these antibiotics produce certain resistance in humans who are consuming these poultry species. Wherewith our ‘non-antibiotic growth promoter- HERBOFLOXIN’ there are no chances of resistance development and also withdrawal period which is necessary with the use of traditional antibiotic.

MOA: Herbofloxin contains phytoconstituents of antibacterial nature which target the pathogenic gut bacteria and maintain a slightly acidic pH. This slight decrease in the pH helps in colonization by gut commensals and resists pathogenic attachment to the gut wall. Thus improved gastrointestinal microclimate favors better digestibility and uptake of nutrients increasing the weight of the birds.

Various other advantages of Herbofloxin are as follows;

  • Complete gut acidification and antibacterial action.
  • Improved egg quality and size.
  • Uniformity in weight of eggs in a particular batch of flogs
  • Ease in the transportation of eggs of uniform weight, size, and quality.
  • Improved FCR

It is a complete growth promoter for poultry!

Steps Towards Salubrious Poultry Gut

Great development and production in poultry and different animals rely on good digestion. The digestive system needs legitimate care to guarantee best performance.

The animal gut gives the ability to development, growth and performance. As in other animal species, the avian gut is an unpredictable and delicate system, with particular prerequisites for peak functioning. Ideal gut health contributes towards better health, welfare and performance. However, accomplishing this requires keeping up a delicate and exact gut balance. Great nourishment, bio-security, ecological and health administration can make a major contribution.

Poor gut health brings about a compromised Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) and sub-optimal growth rates. Since feed represents the largest part of running expenses for poultry producers, and as global feed costs keep on rising, ‘taking full advantage of every feast’ in poultry production has turned out to be significantly more essential. This is impractical without ideal gut health.

Poultry Gut

Both diet and disease play a vital part in the development and maintenance of the microstructure of the gut, which gives security against pathological substances, and additionally effective absorption of supplements. Inside the gut, the lining is finger-like projections called villi that give an expansive surface area to boost the absorption of supplements from food. Harm to or changes in this structure specifically can prompt a decrease in the gut range accessible for nutrient retention.

In addition, birds with poor gut health have a tendency to have a lower health status and are, therefore, susceptible to diseases, for example, coccidiosis – a disease that causes genuine misfortunes in the poultry industry. Reduced utilization of antibiotics in poultry and other animal production just developing, better health and immunity against disease has increased in significance for producers.

Aiming at safe, healthy and eco-sustainable poultry production, we at Vinayak Ingredients (India) Private Limited introduce one of our niche products with a brand name; “HERBOFLOXIN”– a blend of essential oils effective as a natural growth promoter. It is a non-antibiotic growth promoter because when birds are subjected to traditionally used antibiotics for a long time they tend to develop resistance for particular antibiotics and their effect is no longer seen in the control of bacterial infection in the birds. Also, these antibiotics produce certain resistance in humans who is consuming these poultry species. Wherewith our ‘non-antibiotic growth promoter- HERBOFLOXIN’ there are no chances of resistance development and also a withdrawal period which is necessary with the use of traditional antibiotic.

MOA: Herbofloxin contains phytoconstituents of antibacterial nature which target the pathogenic gut bacteria and maintain a slightly acidic pH. This slight decrease in the pH helps in colonization by gut commensals and resists pathogenic attachment to the gut wall. Thus improved gastrointestinal microclimate favors better digestibility and uptake of nutrients, increasing the weight of the birds.

Various other advantages of Herbofloxin are as follows:

  • Complete gut acidification and antibacterial action.
  • Improved egg quality and size.
  • Uniformity in weight of eggs in a particular batch of flocks.
  • Ease in the transportation of eggs of uniform weight, size and quality.
  • Improved FCR.

It is a complete natural growth promoter for poultry!