Look into your Poultry Feed…

As the Monsoon has arrived, high humidity in an environment and feed exposed to such environment can easily retain moisture. This results in the degradation of feed nutritive value.

This high moisture provides ambient conditions to grow mould and fungi. Elevating the risk of various toxins in the feed. Since these toxins are secondary metabolites of fungus and moulds resulting in degrading the feed quality and ultimately reflecting an adverse effect on poultry performance and production.

Feed contaminated with fungus such as Aspergillus flavus results into mycotoxins commonly known as aflatoxins (AF), B1, B2, G1 and G2 etc.  Affecting the birds as:-

1. Reduction of feed intake

2. Poor nutrient absorption and altered nutrient metabolism

3. Frequent disease outbreak in flocks

4. Gastrointestinal and hepatic problems   

5. Poor FCR and egg production and high mortality

So to avoid such conditions consequently, necessary prevention and well effective methods should be taken to detoxify toxins-containing feedstuffs. Therefore, one should select a toxin binder that should complete bind the different toxins and expelling the toxin from the system completely. It should avoid minerals and vitamins to be cheated in gut. Along with this, it should be hepato protectively and rejuvenating the lost liver cells due to toxin damage.

Developing a toxin binder which is natural in origin will help in optimizing the nutrient absorption and biotransformation of various toxins from the system. Natural ingredients like bioactive charcoal and clay help to bind the toxins from the system. Organic acids help in maintaining the normal gut pH and act as mould inhibitor. Prebiotics helps to maintain beneficial gut microflora in the birds. Herbal extracts provide hepatoprotective and hepato stimulant effect and improve the feed digestion for better performance and production of the bird.

Thus in nutshell, a toxin binder should prevent the formation and bio-activation of mycotoxins into toxic metabolites, prevent systemic deleterious effects of absorbed mycotoxins, improve liver function, enhance the utilization of nutrients, FCR and production performance in poultry.

Phytoremedie for Coccidiosis

Coccidiosis … that single word strikes fear in every poultry farmer mind- and it should be, as coccidiosis is one of the heights mortality causing pathogen for the poultry industry.
Looking in the broad sense, coccidiosis is a disease of the intestinal tract caused by the microscopic parasites belonging to the genus Eimeria. Most often spread by bringing infected hens into the flock, or by wild birds, it is then picked up chickens through contact with the infected feces or through drinking contaminated water. It generally manifests itself as diarrhea, bloody droppings (red poop), ruffled feathers, poor appetite and lethargy and results in an inability to absorb nutrients in food. The disease has a high mortality rate in chicks and death usually occurs within aweek of first seeing symptoms. Even if a bird survives, permanent intestinal tissue damage often occurs. As immune system is centered in the intestine of poultry, survivors could have a compromised immune system for life.
Anticoccidial chemicals, coccidiocides and coccidiostats being generally used as a mainstream strategy to control avian coccidiosis but these strategies have very high maintenance cost and show residual drug resistance in meat. Therefore all these conditions encouraged the development of alternative natural control strategies.Phytoremidies, i.e. use of medical local herbs like Allium sativum, Curcuma longa and Tinospora cordifolia etc, have shown Immunomodulator, coccidiostate and anti-inflammatory in actions. These herbs help in eliminate negative factors of microbial infections. They interact with the life cycle of Eimeri and inhibit speculation of cociddia effectively. Active phytochemicals from these herbs have therapeutic effect and act as a immunomodulatory agents which boost antimicrobial immune responses to uphold homeostasis of poultry health. These, can be utilized as an alternative method to reinforce immune response against multiple avian coccidiosis species.
The phytoconstituents are non-steroid anti-inflammatory (NSAIDs) in nature. They act as a therapeutic agent by generating the pharmacological response to subside the inflammation in the gut cause due to intracellular coccidial infiltration.
We focus on the recent advances in the understanding of the potential of these herbs and their compounds to prevent and treat avian coccidiosis. However, the actions, mechanisms and therapeutic potential of these herbal ingredients against avian coccidiosis are the subjects to study more…