An overview of Feeding Chickens for increasing Performance and Productivity

Feeding Chickens for increasing Performance and ProductivityAn essential part of raising chickens is nourishing – feeding makes up the significant cost of production and great nutrition is reflected in the bird’s performance and its productivity.

Feeding Options

The most advantageous method for feeding chickens is with a well balanced pelleted ration, regardless of whether the birds are restricted inside or permitted to range outside. Most diets contain corn for vitality, soybean meal for protein, and vitamin and other mineral supplements. Commercial rations regularly contain antibiotics to promote and enhance the development, coccidiostats for battling coccidiosis, and mold inhibitors. In any case, it is possible to acquire unmedicated encourage check nourish marks to check whether they contain feed additives. In the industry, feed is pelleted so the bird can eat more at one time. Chickens are nibblers and do visit to the nourish trough for little dinners, which requires vitality. Pelleting lessens the measure of vitality required for a feathered creature to bolster.  Distinctive rations are frequently utilized, depending upon the production stage of the bird. Starter rations are high in protein- an expensive feed ingredient. However, grower and finisher rations can be lower in protein since older birds require less. Access to clean water is important. Levels of total dissolved solids over 3000 ppm in the water can meddle with poultry well being and production.

Home-Mixed Rations

Poultry feed ingredients incorporate energy concentrates, for example, oats, corn, grain, wheat, sorghum, and milling by-products. Protein concentrates incorporate soybean meal and other oilseed meals, cottonseed meals, animal protein sources, grain legumes, for example, dry beans, peas, and alfalfa. Grains are generally ground to enhance absorbability. Since protein is one of the most expensive feed ingredients, the industry utilizes focused on rations and decrease the measure of protein in the eating routine as the chickens develop; notwithstanding, it may not be cost-effective to have diverse eating diets for starters, growers, and finishers. The vitamin pre – mix is normally included, however, might be diminished by utilizing horse feed. Different plants also give vitamins in their leaves, hulls, and wheat. Fish oil can give vitamins A and D. The yeast gives a ration of the B vitamins. UV light is a decent source of vitamin D for going chickens. Trace mineral is normally added to poultry diets, yet different sources can give minerals. Meat and bone meal is a fantastic source of minerals, especially calcium and phosphorus, and additionally being a decent protein source. Probiotics are once in a while given to the chicks during placement and before transportation.

Certified Organic Diets

Home-mixed diets are especially valuable to certified natural poultry producers. In spite of the fact that pre-mixed natural poultry rations are accessible for procurement, they can be costly and maybe ought to be dispatched from long distances.

Feed Additives in the Diet

Feed additives are added to improve the efficiency of broiler growth, laying capacity of layers, prevent diseases and to promote health. The feed additives used in poultry diet include amino acids, vitamins, antimicrobials, pH control agent, and enzymes. Protein and amino acids form an important building block in poultry nutrition. The quality of protein is graded by its illegal amino acid digestibility, the higher the digestibility the better is the ingredient as a protein source. Deficiency of essential amino acids results in retarded growth or reduced egg size or reduced egg production.

To help the industry in balancing the protein turnover and amino-acid optimization of the birds, We at Vinayak Ingredients (India) Private Limited introduces one of our niche products with a brand name; “KiFAY”- an Amino Acid Optimiser.  It is an all in one product for optimizing your poultry feed and production.

MOA OF KiFAY

It improves the availability of insulin receptors, which are potential binding sites for IGF-1 and thus potentiating the action of IGF-1 resulting in improved  ileal digestibility of various amino acids in the feed and also improves the their uptake from blood. Thus improved amino acid accretion from blood results in a better protein turnover. It also increases the efficacy and production of IGF-1 by stimulating insulin production, resulting in increased bio-availability of IGF-1 in the liver.

The reason why we should use KiFAY:-

  • In broilers it increases the weight by improving feed conversion ratio (FCR) and protein utilization.
  • In layers KiFAY enhances the quality and other parameters of egg like;
  • Egg shell weight by 9-10%, Egg shell thickness by 15%, Egg weight 8%, Egg length by 15-16%, Egg width by 32-33%
  • It also reduces faecal nitrogen deposition by improving protein turnover.
  • It acts as a hepatoprotectant by inhibiting free radicals causing damage to the liver cells.
  • It optimizes immunomodulation by enhancing Gut associated lymphoid tissues (GALT)

Thus KiFAY acts as a performance enhancer in poultry.

Monitoring Chicken Feed for Enhanced Productivity and Performance

Monitoring Chicken Feed for Enhanced Productivity and PerformanceAn essential part of raising chickens is nourishing – feeding makes up the significant cost of production and great nutrition is reflected in the bird’s performance and its productivity.

Feeding Options
The most advantageous method for feeding chickens is with a well balanced pelleted ration, regardless of whether the birds are restricted inside or permitted to range outside. Most diets contain corn for vitality, soybean meal for protein, and vitamin and other mineral supplements. Commercial rations regularly contain antibiotics to promote and enhance development, coccidiostats for battling coccidiosis, and mold inhibitors. In any case, it is possible to acquire unmedicated encourage check nourish marks to check whether they contain feed additives. In the industry, feed is pelleted so the bird can eat more at one time. Chickens are nibblers and make visit to the nourish trough for little dinners, which requires vitality. Pelleting lessens the measure of vitality required for a feathered creature to bolster. Distinctive rations are frequently utilized, depending upon the production stage of the bird. Starter rations are high in protein- an expensive feed ingredient. However, grower and finisher rations can be lower in protein since older birds require less. Access to clean water is important. Levels of total dissolved solids over 3000 ppm in the water can meddle with poultry wellbeing and production.

Home-Mixed Rations
Poultry feed ingredients incorporate energy concentrates, for example, oats, corn, grain, wheat, sorghum, and milling by-products. Protein concentrates incorporate soybean meal and other oilseed meals, cottonseed meals, animal protein sources, grain legumes, for example, dry beans, peas, and alfalfa. Grains are generally ground to enhance absorbability. Since protein is one of the most expensive feed ingredients, the industry utilizes focused on rations and decrease the measure of protein in the eating routine as the chickens develop; notwithstanding, it may not be cost-effective to have diverse eating diets for starters, growers, and finishers. Vitamin pre-mix is normally included however might be diminished by utilizing horse feed. Different plants also give vitamins in their leaves, hulls, and wheats. Fish oil can give vitamins A and D. The yeast gives a ration of the B vitamins. UV light is a decent source of vitamin D for going chickens. Trace mineral is normally added to poultry diets, yet different sources can give minerals. Meat and bone meal is a fantastic source of minerals, especially calcium and phosphorus, and additionally being a decent protein source. Probiotics are once in a while given to the chicks during placement and before transportation.

Certified Organic Diets
Home-mixed diets are especially valuable to certified natural poultry producers. In spite of the fact that pre-mixed natural poultry rations are accessible for procurement, they can be costly and maybe ought to be dispatched from long distances.

Feed Additives in the Diet
Feed additives are added to improve the efficiency of broiler growth, laying capacity of layers, prevent diseases and to promote health. The feed additives used in poultry diet include amino acids, vitamins, antimicrobials, pH control agent, and enzymes. Protein and amino acids form an important building block in poultry nutrition. The quality of protein is graded by its illegal amino acid digestibility, the higher the digestibility the better is the ingredient as a protein source. Deficiency of essential amino acids results in retarded growth or reduced egg size or reduced egg production.

To help the industry in balancing the protein turnover and amino-acid optimization of the birds, We at Vinayak Ingredients (India) Private Limited introduces one of our niche products with a brand name; “KiFAY”- an Amino Acid Optimizer. It is an all in one product for optimizing your poultry feed and production.

MOA OF KiFAY: It improves the availability of insulin receptors, which are potential binding sites for IGF-1 and thus potentiating the action of IGF-1 resulting in improved ileal digestibility of various amino acids in the feed and also improves the their uptake from blood. Thus improved amino acid accretion from blood results in a better protein turnover. It also increases the efficacy and production of IGF-1 by stimulating insulin production, resulting in increased bio-availability of IGF-1 in the liver.
The reason why we should use KiFAY:-

  • In broilers it increases the weight by improving feed conversion ratio (FCR) and protein utilization.
  • In layers KiFAY enhances the quality and other parameters of egg like;
  • Egg shell weight by 9-10%, Egg shell thickness by 15%, Egg weight 8%, Egg length from 15-16%, Egg width from 32-33%
  • It also reduces faecal nitrogen deposition by improving protein turnover.
  • It acts as a hepatoprotectant by inhibiting free radicals causing damage to the liver cells.
  • It optimizes immunomodulation by enhancing Gut associated lymphoid tissues (GALT)

Thus KiFAY acts as a performance enhancer in poultry.

IGF1 In Broilers

IGF1 In Broilers - Vinayak IngredientsInsulin like Growth Factor-1 (also called IGF-1 or somatomedin C), is a highly conserved molecule similar to the molecular structure of insulin. It is made up of 70 amino acids encoded by the IGF1 gene. IGF-1 has many effects on the body. It plays akey role in the control of skeletal characteristics, metabolism,and growth of adipose tissue and deposition of fat in chickens. IGF1 promotes cell division and cell growth in the body. It also plays a role in cellular repair in the brain, heart and muscles of the animal. The perturbation of IGF1 can cause many consequences to the animal. IGF-1 is a major mediator of effects of growth hormone (GH) produced in the pituitary gland, then released into the blood stream, later triggers the liver to produce IGF-1. Few studies have shown no direct correlation between GH levels and the growth rate in chickens; hence this has led to study IGFs as mediators of the functions of GH.

The action of mechanism is initiated by binding of IGF1 to its receptor called IGF1 receptor which is present on many cell types in many tissues. This mediates intracellular many cellular signal transductions at the molecular level.The mechanisms of involvement of these proteins in insulin/IGF signaling pathways are largely speculative and require further study. The IGF1 produced in the muscle offers main benefits to the gain of the muscle. They trigger different protein activities involved in the muscle protein synthesis. There are multiple factors associated with the production of IGF1, such as low levels of glucose or deficiency of protein can trigger a significant decline of the IGF1, vice versa.

Endocrinology in birds has always been an unfamiliar subject to the researchers, even though endocrinopathy in birds have high occurrence. Hormones such as the growth hormone, IGF, thyroid hormones and insulin, play important and diverse roles in animal growth. Very few information is available that explains the nutrient-IGF relationship in poultry industry. However,

IGF1 have been sensitive to the alteration in the nutrition in domestic fowl. Studies performed by two separate groups shows food deprivation for 5 day depresses circulating IGF1 concentration and upon re-feeding, concentration return to near initial concentration. Other studies in contrast reported that a complete return to normal IGF1 was observed following depriving from feeding suggesting that the extent of nutrient deprivation determines the rate at which IGF1 synthesis and secretion return to normal following periods of nutrient modification.The study led by Del vesco and its colleagues in 2013, has evaluated the effects of different dietary methionine levels on IGF1 and GH gene expression in liver and muscle tissues. The IGF1 and GH gene expression in muscle tissues was not affected by methionine supplementation. However, IGF1 gene expression in the liver was higher in broilers fed methionine diet. They further demonstrated the effect of heat stress and supplementation of methionine on the GH and IGF1gene expression in the liver and found that methionine supplementation increased IGF1 and GH expression. They observed that the highest GHR expression occurred at normal temperature and not at heat stress in supplementation of methionine in the diet. This suggests that the protein degradation is induced by the heat stress but supplementation of methionine triggers protein deposition because it increases the expression of gene related protein synthesis and reduces the expression of genes related to protein catabolism.

JaromirKadlec along with other workers has found IGF1 as a potential candidate gene responsible for various metabolic traits in chickens. They have identified single variable gene known as single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in total 132 birds using molecular techniques and have correlated the genotype frequencies with growth and fat deposition in chickens.The results depict identical IGF1 amino acid sequences among chickens, rats and human peptides.

In spite of the wealth of knowledge that has accumulated concerning IGF1 in past few decades, still many details of IGF1 in broilers remain to be clarified about the role of different pathways.

Ileal Amino Acid Digestibility

Ileal Amino Acid Digestibility - Vinayak IngredientsKifay, the natural amino acid optimiser is the product to watch as it has the capability to enhance the ileal amino acid digestibility due to the specific natural ingredients in its composition.

Amino acid supplementation in poultry is considered as an essential part of poultry nutrition. Methionine is the first limiting amino acid in poultry important for optimum growth, feed conversion and immunity. The protein nutrition is directly related to the illeal amino acid digestibility; this term can be divided further into apparent illeal amino acid digestibility or true amino acid digestibility.

The debate is already on as to what type of digestibility is to be considered while making a feed formulation; although it is undeniable that digestibility of protein is utmost important and all digestible amino acid systems are superior to use of total amino acid system in feed formulation.

The amino acids contained in feed-stuffs are not fully available to animal. It is therefore more efficient to formulate diets using values for digestible amino acids rather than total amino acids. The optimisation of amino acid supply leads to increased animal performance and, because the ingested protein is better balanced for animal’s requirements, nitrogen excretion is reduced.