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Problems of Indian Dairy Industry

Problems of Indian Dairy Industry

The world’s largest milk producer and consumer of dairy products are in India, consuming almost 100% of its own milk production. Milk products are a major source of cheap animal protein and nutritious food to millions of people in the world. Small scale dairy farming is the main source of income for small and marginal farmers.

The matter of consideration is that most of our livestock are “underfed” and hence suffer from “Negative Energy Balance” which hampers the milk quality and quantity. The potential productivity of our livestock is constantly decreasing due to negative protein balance, negative water balance, negative vitamin balance, and Negative mineral balance. These are some simple reasons why milk productivity per animal in India is low.  

The huge demand of milk production is primarily the fallout of dairy farming policy reflected in Operation Flood. Following the success of dairy farming policy by the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) new and updated strategies have been implanted. Improvement in standard quality parameters for laboratory analysis of milk by dairy and food industry has been set (protein, fat, carbohydrate, total solids, sugar, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals) for milk.

To overcome the poor quality issue in the dairy sector, feed supplement that can optimize the protein demand by improving the SNF % in milk need to be focused. The maximum genetic potential capacity of animals can be explored at the cellular level, pulling more amino acids in protein synthesis. Accelerating the body translates process ultimately leading to increased protein content in milk.

Thus, in the nutshell higher the SNF, the better the quality of milk criteria can be set for judging the milk quality.

In high-yielding animals, during the peak lactation period, there is a constant demand for food that is a rich source of amino acid that supports the ongoing anabolic process in the body. It should prevent animals from negative energy balance, maintaining healthy immunity status, improve protein, and enhance proper body development.

How to increase SNF in Milk Production, Know about SNF – Solids Not Fat

SNF in Milk Production

Solids Not Fat (SNF) consists of everything except milk fat and water. That means total solids content in the entire residue left after complete evaporation of water from milk. This includes fat protein, lactose and mineral matter. Normally cow milk contains 8.5% SNF whereas buffalo milk contains 9.0% SNF

Crisis in Indian Dairy Industry & Effect on Milk Production

Milk Composition based on fat percentage and SNF percentage in milk yield has played a huge role in dairy product prices. Thus the recent crisis in Indian dairy industry has led Government of India to come up with strict norms to determine milk price rates based on fat and SNF percentages.

How to Improve SNF and Fat percentage in Milk Production

Due to high price of raw materials and lack of scientific farming knowledge, the cost of production of milk is increasing a day by day. Increasing milk fat and Solids Not Fat (SNF) level in milk will increase the selling for milk and thus maximise profit in dairy farming.

Proper feeding management in dairy cows and buffaloes is one of the vital factors that will yield better milk production with maximum Fat and SNF content. Knowledge on nutrient requirement and balanced nutrition will improve the productivity of animals.

Role of Cattle Feed supplement in managing milk yield and composition

All factors in milk composition work in synergy. Vinayak Ingredients India Pvt Ltd, with its extensive R&D has introduced SNF Milk Booster Cattle Feed Supplement – “Kifay Ruminant” a revolutionary product that is a perfect solution to proper feed management supplement for cattle to improve immunity, provide nutrition & minerals, increase fat and SNF percentage in milk yield.