How to improve milk production in cattle using natural supplements.

A high yielding animal requires a customized diet formulated after understanding the highly integrated metabolic pathways that ensures better qualitative and quantitative yield.

Milk composition is economically important to milk producers and processors and nutritionally important to consumers. Hence, there has been stringency in assessment and evaluation of milk, which includes determining parameters like SNF (Solid Not Fat) that has become the price determining factor in dairy industry. Thus, increase in SNF is highly desirable for the farmers. This need can be satisfied by a simple yet very effective approach that is accurate feed management. Balanced nutrition means supplying adequate amounts of macronutrients like carbohydrates, proteins, fats and micronutrients like vitamins and minerals.

KiFAY is a product that provides wholesome nutrition to the animal. It is designed to improve parameters like milk yield, SNF as well as provide the animal immunity against various opportunistic infections. It has shown results on dung score and body score of the animal improving them substantially. The active ingredients of the product include Piperin, Flavonoids, Mannans extracted from natural sources.

Given below are brief role of these ingredients.

Piperine:

Enhancing the bioavailability of nutritional compound by two ways,

a) by increased absorption from the gut and

b) by slowdown of biotransformation, inactivation or elimination from the system.

Flavonoids:

They have anti-oxidative properties. They modify rumen microbial activity and create desirable fermentation conditions such as pH regulation, propionate proportion and protein degradation. Once absorbed in mammary glands after circulation in blood, they significantly alter the nutritional composition of milk.

Polyphenols:

They protect proteins from degradation and improve the efficiency of conversion of plant proteins to animal proteins (milk). By enhancing this conversion of dietary proteins, they also increase the delivery of amino acids for absorption in the small intestine, thereby improving the milk production and growth.

Mannans:

They serve as a growing medium for the beneficial flora found in the gut. They help in establishing a balance microflora in the intestine (eubiosis), They are also indirectly responsible for suppression of unwanted microbes. 

Thus all these actions work in synergy that takes care of diverse parameters which in turn have a positive influence on the animal.

Therefore, for those in quest for a product which not only provides their animal nutrition but also converts it into a better milk yield, Kifay is a reliable solution for comprehensive growth of the animal which ultimately results into high yield and also ensures overall good health and development.

Significance of Volatile Fatty Acids (VFA) in Lactating Cow

Bacterial fermentation of organic matter like carbohydrate in the rumen produces Volatile Fatty Acid (VFA) that is readily absorbed and serves as a source of energy to the ruminant. VFA can have a major effect on the qualitative as well as quantitative production by the ruminant.

It is well-established that diets high in soluble carbohydrates (starch and sugar) can lead to over-production of VFA, particularly propionate and lactate, and consecutively lead to a drop in rumen pH and cause sub-acute ruminal acidosis (SARA) or acute acidosis. Cellulolytic bacteria operate within a narrow pH range and can only survive for a relatively short time below this range before their growth and activity are compromised. Thus, fiber digestion is inhibited if rumen pH remains low for long periods.

Vinyeast-P enables to fine tune the rumen environment in such a way that there is a striking balance between productivity and acidosis. Vinyeast-P is composed of Live Yeast Culture Saccharomyces cerevisiae (LYC) and Propioni bacteria. Their mode of action differs on individual front although when administered as a combination they produce better stimulating effect on the rumen synergistically. LYC maintains the anaerobic condition of the rumen, itself being an oxygen scavenging organism, as well as stimulates the growth of other microbial anaerobes. Also enhances fiber digestion and thus improves the utilization of starch supplied in the diet. Lactic acid is prone to getting accumulated in the rumen as its absorption is much slower than propionic acid.

Propionibacterium being a lactic acid utilizing bacteria helps to convert of the accumulated lactic acid to propionic acid, restoring the pH of the rumen back to normal. Thus keeps in check the detrimental effects of acidosis. Propionic acid is used by the ruminants to make blood glucose, milk protein and milk sugar lactose, thus conferring the rumen wholesome nutrition. Hence, it can be concluded that tailored production VFA is the key that assures a better yielding ruminant.

Role of Antioxidants in Feed

Role of Antioxidants in FeedAntioxidants in feed play a major role in animal health, production and performance. This is due to the detrimental effects of radicals and toxic products of their metabolism on various metabolic processes. It is a well known fact that oxidative stress is involved in many degenerative disorders. The oxidative free radicals are therefore considered as pathobiochemicals mechanism for initiating or progression of various diseases. The prooxidant-antioxidant balance can be regulated by optimal nutrient uptake or providing herbal antibiotics. Thus, the essential step in maintaining the balance between the oxidative damage and antioxidative defence in the animal body would be to boost the antioxidant capacity by optimising the dietary intake of antioxidants.

Vitamin C is a water-soluble antioxidant. It is an important anti-stress agent. However, it can be easily oxidized. Sources of vitamin C are citrus fruits and vegetables. Vitamin C is required in collagen biosynthesis and protein metabolism.

Vitamin E is the found in the biological membranes and lipid droplets. Vitamin E is absorbed in the small intestine with various efficacious depending on the diet composition, level of supplementation, age, sex and other individual characteristics of animals. It is the main chain-breaking antioxidant in biological systems.

Carotenoid is a natural pigment, responsible for yellow, orange and sometimes red pigmentation’s in plants, insects, birds and marine animals. They possess antioxidant activity. They have some health promoting properties, including immune system modulation. They are found in some plant-derived feed ingredients.

Manganese has an essential part of a range of enzymes taking part in antioxidant protection, bone growth and egg shell formation carbohydrate and lipid metabolism including processing of cholesterol.

Zinc is the second most abundant trace element trace element in mammals and they take part in antioxidant defence as an integral part of SOD, hormone secretion, keratin generation and epithelial tissue integrity immune function.

Iron has a vital role in antioxidant defence as an essential component of catalase, energy and protein metabolism, hence respiratory carrier, electron transport, oxidation-reduction reaction.

Poultry Feed Supplements, Cattle Feed Supplements, Swine Feed Supplements Manufacturers and Suppliers in India – Vinayak Ingredients India Pvt Ltd

Antibiotics!!! Do we need them?

Antibiotics Do the livestock need them - Vinayak Ingredients

Ever wondered why antibiotics are good, bad or evil? Well, if you need an orientation session with the use and misuse of antibiotics, this is your space to read.

We all know definitions are important, so here we go. For a technically sound person the word ‘Antibiotics’ are agents which work against microorganisms. To put it into lay man’s perspective, these are substances/compounds which kill or slow down the growth of harmful bacteria, fungi or similar bugs that thrive on other living or dead things.  By the end of that “Layman term” explanation we would have understood that there isn’t a layman term for antibiotics and you don’t have to Einstein, or for that matter Sheldon your way (Courtesy big bang theory) to understand the science behind antibiotics.

To make things clearer let’s classify them into four practical categories (Oh, I would love to classify them into seven different ways so that you need to classify the classification types to complicate matters, but this is not what we intend to graduate in).

  • Chemically – Molecular structures (Beta lactams, Quinones, Aminoglycosides……)
  • Target microorganisms (Antibacterial, Anti-fungal, Antiprotozoal… )
  • Mechanism of action(Cell wall, enzyme, DNA….)
  • Evolutionary ( 1st generation, 2nd gen, New world )

Use of Antibiotics in the feed industry

Firstly, not all antibiotics is used as feed additives for animals and used in humans for treatment. The importance of this fact is rivaling many issues on banning of antibiotics as feed additives.  We will touch base with this statement again when we deal with the statement of antibiotic resistance. In the livestock industry antibiotics are used primarily for three reasons

  1. Treatment of bacterial, fungal and other infectious diseases.
  2. Prevention of infections, as a precaution in feed compulsion.
  3. Growth promotion, to improve final body weight of birds raised for meat.
Many antibiotics used in the treatment of livestock used for meat purpose are the same antibiotics used in humans.

These include a major share of quinolones. Although the figures below in the table reflect otherwise one should also consider that these antibiotics given under the treatment regime are given for a small 4 or 5 day schedule and often used in very small quantities. If proper withdrawal periods have used these antibiotics are excreted from the body of the animal well before slaughter. The table below shows us the volume compartmentalization of antibiotic use.

Use by volume Humans Animal
Pencilins 44 % 6 %
Cephalasporins 15% 1%
Sulfa 14% 3%
Quinolones 9% less than 1%
Macrolides 5% 4%
Tetracyclines 4% 41%
Ionophores 0% 30%

In the next blog we learn more about antibiotic resistance and how it impacts us

Poultry Feed Supplements, Cattle Feed Supplements, Swine Feed Supplements Manufacturers and Suppliers in India – Vinayak Ingredients India Pvt Ltd