The world’s largest milk producer and consumer of dairy products are in India, consuming almost 100% of its own milk production. Milk products are a major source of cheap animal protein and nutritious food to millions of people in the world. Small scale dairy farming is the main source of income for small and marginal farmers.
The matter of consideration is that most of our livestock are “underfed” and hence suffer from “Negative Energy Balance” which hampers the milk quality and quantity. The potential productivity of our livestock is constantly decreasing due to negative protein balance, negative water balance, negative vitamin balance, and Negative mineral balance. These are some simple reasons why milk productivity per animal in India is low.
The huge demand of milk production is primarily the fallout of dairy farming policy reflected in Operation Flood. Following the success of dairy farming policy by the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) new and updated strategies have been implanted. Improvement in standard quality parameters for laboratory analysis of milk by dairy and food industry has been set (protein, fat, carbohydrate, total solids, sugar, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals) for milk.
To overcome the poor quality issue in the dairy sector, feed supplement that can optimize the protein demand by improving the SNF % in milk need to be focused. The maximum genetic potential capacity of animals can be explored at the cellular level, pulling more amino acids in protein synthesis. Accelerating the body translates process ultimately leading to increased protein content in milk.
Thus, in the nutshell higher the SNF, the better the quality of milk criteria can be set for judging the milk quality.
In high-yielding animals, during the peak lactation period, there is a constant demand for food that is a rich source of amino acid that supports the ongoing anabolic process in the body. It should prevent animals from negative energy balance, maintaining healthy immunity status, improve protein, and enhance proper body development.