It is used as a medicine in digestive problems and diarrhea. Fragrances, Fixative in costly perfumes.

It helps to cure insufficient periods, mucus and scabies (a disease caused by mites). This commonly is mixed with some other oils or swallowed in diluted form to avoid its side effects. It is costliest oil and helps to reduce blood glucose level in mice. It is counted anti inflammatory too.

Countries where it’s found:

Cyperiol has been grown on a large scale in MP (India), it smells earth like and wood like and it is used an expensive ingredient in so many perfumes in India itself.

Harvesting information:

The Cyper`s plant is grown in India and is a shrub which grows till two and a half feet long and its stem is sleek and slender with lustrous green color. Its flowers have a length of two to 8 inches. It is a weed so in most of the countries people consider it as a pest. This stem has a unique aroma and white from innermost part.

Nagarmotha is a minor produce of the forests in Chhattisgarh and significantly earns revenue for the state. Because of its threat of exhaustion, facts are being gathered for cultivating it and growing it deliberately, as presently it is growing anonymously. This research was conducted at Kajool Nadi, Dhamrati district, Chhattisgarh to know the present status and future aspects of multiplying this.

History of the Plant:

This seems that it is popular for so many years as its Sanskrit name ( bhadramusta, Nagarmustka s) indicates that it was popular in those days too when the Sanskrit language was spoken. It is hoped that it is essentially used from the Vedic era in India, as Sanskrit is assumed the oldest language in the world. It grows wild so it’s cultivation is not much needed and it grows automatically.

Extraction Process:

The oil is extracted from the roots of the plant via the steam distillation process. Via this process there is a yield of 0.075 to 0.080% cyperine which is its essential constituent. This oil is unique in the sense because it has color changing ability and its scent also changes its fragrance. While its color changes from dark brown to transparent green then its fragrance changes from earthen to woody. It cannot be used isolated because it is too much strong, so it is mingled with some other carrier oil to lessen its effect otherwise it can cause irritation to the skin.


Botanical Name                :  Cyperus scariosus

Common Name                :  Nagarmotha oil, Cyperus scariosus oil, Cyperus scariosus l. root oil

CAS #                                 :  91771-62-9

Plant Parts Used               :  Root

Extraction Method          :  Steam Distillation

Color & Odor                     : Amber clear viscous liquid with woody, earthy, spicy like cinnamon odor

Description :

Cyperus scariosus is a smooth, erect, perennial sedge. An woody, earthy, spicy essential oil is distilled from its roots.

Constituents & Specifications :

Cypriol oil has various chemical compounds that include cyperone, selinene, cyperene, cyperotundone, patchoulenone, sugeonol, kobusone and isokobusone.

Specific Gravity : 1.00520 to 1.00680 @ 25°C

Refractive Index : 1.51062 to 1.51100 @ 20°C

Properties :

It is digestive, carminative anti-inflammatory,, a general and nervine tonic, diuretic, diaphoretic, febrifuge, vermifuge, hemostatic, hypotensive etc.

Benefits & Uses :

  • Cypriol oil is also used in various other ailments like fever, burning maturation, skin diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, painful menstruation, neurasthenia, general debility, kidney stones, fibromyalgia, gout and other uric acid sensitive conditions.Cypriol Essential Oil is often used in compounding perfumes, in the manufacturing of soaps, medicine and incense sticks. It is also used as an insect repellent.
  • It is used as a hair wash and treating hair and scalp disorders.