Mycotoxin is a secondary metabolite produced by molds and fungi, normally at a stationary phase. In order for fungi to produce these secondary metabolites, they must be in stress by some factor, such as nutritional restriction, drought or water excess. One fungal species may produce various mycotoxins, and several fungal species may produce the same mycotoxin. One such type of mycotoxins is Aflatoxins.
Aflatoxin influences all poultry species. Increasing amounts of aflatoxin causes mortality and low levels can be impeding if consistently fed. Aflatoxin pollution can diminish the birds’ capacity to withstand stress by inhibiting the immune system. This malfunction can diminish egg size and reduce egg production.
Mycotoxins produced by the fungus Fusarium include: T¬2 toxin and it’s other relatives (trichothecenes), fumonisin, deoxynivalenol (DON), and zearalenone. The identification of these mycotoxins inside poultry rations demonstrates that the ration or the ingredients in the ration have been subjected to fungal growth. Since various different mycotoxins, and in addition lessened nutritive value and acceptability of feeds, are produced by mold activity, the presence of deoxynivalenol, fumonisin, or zearalenone in poultry feeds is reason for concern. T2 toxin and trichothecenes can bring about mouth and intestinal lesions and in addition weaken the birds’ immune response, creating egg production declines, diminished feed consumption, weight loss, and altered feather patterns. However, in field circumstances the DON level is once in a while, connected with reduced feed consumption in layers and broiler breeders. This implies DON might be an indicator that T2 or other unknown Fusarium mycotoxins are available.
Prevention and Management of Mycotoxins
- Controlling mold development and mycotoxin production are vital to the feed manufacturer and livestock producer.
- Grains and other dry feed, for example, hay ought to be put away at a dampness level 14 % or less to reduce fungal growth.
- Aeration of grain bin is essential to decrease dampness relocation and to keep the feed stuffs dry.
- To control fungal growth, places of dampness in the feed handling and storage equipment, for example, spills in feed storage tanks, augers, rooftops (either at poultry shelter or at the feed plant), and compartments in feed trucks must be eliminated.
- When feed is made and conveyed to farms, it might interact with old feed that has held up in different zones of the feed storage and delivery systems. To prevent this problem, solidified, mold covered feed ought to be expelled from all feed assembling and handling equipment.
To make the poultry production safe and free from these mycotoxins; Vinayak Ingredients have come up with an excellent Toxin Binder which is completely of natural origin. A blend of clay that target and binds mycotoxins. VINTOXO binds to primarily Aflatoxins and Ochratoxin and to Zearalenone, Deoxynivalenol with a brand name as “VINTOXO”
MOA of Vintoxo: it absorbs various mycotoxins on the surface with a CEC of 35 to 45 mEq per 100gms; it is able to absorb polar as well as non-polar mycotoxins and clears it out of the system. The advantages of Vintoxo for complete protection are as follows;
- Prevents myco toxicosis
- Improves weight gain
- Increases gut transit time
- Efficient gastric buffering agent