What is the role of Hepatoprotectant in poultry?

Role of Hepatoprotectant in PoultryThe liver is the central laboratory of a chicken’s body. It is essential that this organ is kept in an excellent condition in order to maintain a healthy bird. Understanding the metabolic function and causes of disruptions in liver functions helps us to provide the birds with the right feed and health treatment. The liver contains great functional reserve capacity, which is very important in domestic animals subjected to high production requirements.

What are the functions of liver in poultry?

The liver in a chicken has several significant functioning, including; bile secretion, detoxification, metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins, as well as several other metabolic functions.

Liver diseases

Important damage can occur before clinical signs become apparent. The clinical silence of the hepatic lesions is due its significant reserve of functional capacity, its complex and its extraordinary capacity of regeneration. Several syndromes are recognized in the poultry and a few of them are:

Hepatoencephalopathy

A medical condition characterized by neurologic symptoms caused by intoxication of the brain by products of protein digestion, namely ammonia.

Hemochromatosis

It is a disease of excessive storage of Hemosiderin (iron-containing pigment) in various body tissues.

Fatty Liver Syndrome

This condition occurs primarily in birds kept in cages, but has also been recognized as a less significant problem in birds kept in litter. It is associated with birds fed high energy diets and the first sign of the syndrome is an increase in mortality of the flock with birds in full production being found dead with pale heads.

Need for HEPATOPROTECTANT

To overcome the effects of these conditions in poultry there is a need for a hepatoprotectant/ liver tonic which is a combination of lipotropic agents, liver stimulants, antioxidants, mold inhibitors and toxin binders as a complete liver tonic.

Such a unique combination is KiFAY Poultry which apart from being an amino acid optimizer also has as a hepatoprotectant effect in poultry as follows:

  • A ready source of amino acids for hepatic regeneration
  • Better utilization of fats
  • Facilitate detoxification and liver cell rejuvenation
  • Natural defense against free radicals causing cell damage, including that of liver.

Reduction in mycotoxins formation

Biofilm Management In Poultry

Biofilm Management In Poultry

Water is essential in controlling body temperature, supports the immune system, assist in food digestion, and aids in the processing and elimination of body wastes. Regardless of procurement of water, another concern is contamination of water inside the watering systems through a substance called “BIOFILM. It occurs when bacteria attach to the pipe walls in a drinking system, creating a sticky substrate.

Biofilms are commonly defined as attached bacterial colonies of either single or multiple species, encased in an extracellular matrix.

Biofilms support the survival of bacteria in suboptimal conditions and increase resistance to disinfectants, antimicrobial, and antibiotics. To date, it is estimated that 99% of bacteria can grow in biofilms, and it is suggested that for the majority of bacteria, biofilms are the normal mode of existence.

Plant essential oils like Thyme, Eucalyptol, Clove, Citronella, etc. Have been used for hundreds of years as natural medicines to combat a multitude of pathogens, including bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Several essential oils confer antimicrobial activity by damaging the cell wall and membrane, leading to cell lysis, leakage of cell contents, and inhibition of proton motive force.  In addition, there is evidence that they effectively kill bacteria without promoting the acquisition of resistance.

A blend of all such essential oils is HERBOFLOXIN”-This micro emulsified system;

  • The target zone for Herbofloxin is the gut; it has an antimicrobial effect in the gut due to which there is no biofilm formation.
  • It improves the number of good bacteria in the gut and simultaneously reduces the pathogenic bacteria. This action of Herbofloxin in turn provides a natural growth promoter effect in Poultry.
  • Herbofloxin is freely soluble in water and target species include Salmonella, E. Coli, Campylobacter and Clostridium

An overview of Feeding Chickens for increasing Performance and Productivity

Feeding Chickens for increasing Performance and ProductivityAn essential part of raising chickens is nourishing – feeding makes up the significant cost of production and great nutrition is reflected in the bird’s performance and its productivity.

Feeding Options

The most advantageous method for feeding chickens is with a well balanced pelleted ration, regardless of whether the birds are restricted inside or permitted to range outside. Most diets contain corn for vitality, soybean meal for protein, and vitamin and other mineral supplements. Commercial rations regularly contain antibiotics to promote and enhance the development, coccidiostats for battling coccidiosis, and mold inhibitors. In any case, it is possible to acquire unmedicated encourage check nourish marks to check whether they contain feed additives. In the industry, feed is pelleted so the bird can eat more at one time. Chickens are nibblers and do visit to the nourish trough for little dinners, which requires vitality. Pelleting lessens the measure of vitality required for a feathered creature to bolster.  Distinctive rations are frequently utilized, depending upon the production stage of the bird. Starter rations are high in protein- an expensive feed ingredient. However, grower and finisher rations can be lower in protein since older birds require less. Access to clean water is important. Levels of total dissolved solids over 3000 ppm in the water can meddle with poultry well being and production.

Home-Mixed Rations

Poultry feed ingredients incorporate energy concentrates, for example, oats, corn, grain, wheat, sorghum, and milling by-products. Protein concentrates incorporate soybean meal and other oilseed meals, cottonseed meals, animal protein sources, grain legumes, for example, dry beans, peas, and alfalfa. Grains are generally ground to enhance absorbability. Since protein is one of the most expensive feed ingredients, the industry utilizes focused on rations and decrease the measure of protein in the eating routine as the chickens develop; notwithstanding, it may not be cost-effective to have diverse eating diets for starters, growers, and finishers. The vitamin pre – mix is normally included, however might be diminished by utilizing horse feed. Different plants also give vitamins in their leaves, hulls, and wheat. Fish oil can give vitamins A and D. The yeast gives a ration of the B vitamins. UV light is a decent source of vitamin D for going chickens. Trace mineral is normally added to poultry diets, yet different sources can give minerals. Meat and bone meal is a fantastic source of minerals, especially calcium and phosphorus, and additionally being a decent protein source. Probiotics are once in a while given to the chicks during placement and before transportation.

Certified Organic Diets

Home-mixed diets are especially valuable to certified natural poultry producers. In spite of the fact that pre-mixed natural poultry rations are accessible for procurement, they can be costly and maybe ought to be dispatched from long distances.

Feed Additives in the Diet

Feed additives are added to improve the efficiency of broiler growth, laying capacity of layers, prevent diseases and to promote health. The feed additives used in poultry diet include amino acids, vitamins, antimicrobials, pH control agent, and enzymes. Protein and amino acids form an important building block in poultry nutrition. The quality of protein is graded by its illegal amino acid digestibility, the higher the digestibility the better is the ingredient as a protein source. Deficiency of essential amino acids results in retarded growth or reduced egg size or reduced egg production.

To help the industry in balancing the protein turnover and amino-acid optimization of the birds, We at Vinayak Ingredients (India) Private Limited introduces one of our niche products with a brand name; “KiFAY”- an Amino Acid Optimiser.  It is an all in one product for optimizing your poultry feed and production.

MOA OF KiFAY

It improves the availability of insulin receptors, which are potential binding sites for IGF-1 and thus potentiating the action of IGF-1 resulting in improved  ileal digestibility of various amino acids in the feed and also improves the their uptake from blood. Thus improved amino acid accretion from blood results in a better protein turnover. It also increases the efficacy and production of IGF-1 by stimulating insulin production, resulting in increased bio-availability of IGF-1 in the liver.

The reason why we should use KiFAY:-

  • In broilers it increases the weight by improving feed conversion ratio (FCR) and protein utilization.
  • In layers KiFAY enhances the quality and other parameters of egg like;
  • Egg shell weight by 9-10%, Egg shell thickness by 15%, Egg weight 8%, Egg length by 15-16%, Egg width by 32-33%
  • It also reduces faecal nitrogen deposition by improving protein turnover.
  • It acts as a hepatoprotectant by inhibiting free radicals causing damage to the liver cells.
  • It optimizes immunomodulation by enhancing Gut associated lymphoid tissues (GALT)

Thus KiFAY acts as a performance enhancer in poultry.

‘Raising ABF Birds’- a challenge?

Raising ABF BirdsThere are certain convincing scientific evidence available claiming the use of antibiotic in food-producing animals can contribute to resistance of certain antibiotics relevant to human medicines. Therefore, EU & US is promoting ABF (antibiotic free) poultry productions. But these current trends of ABF poultry farming industry are facing numerous challenges and the major faced challenges are as follows;

  • PRODUCTION CHALLENGES: There will separate processing plants required to raise ABF birds, organic birds, split birds and 100% ABF birds.
  • MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES:This includes reduction in stock density, increasing down-time, cleaning out more frequently, maintain ideal temperature, keeping strict biosecurity, stress reductions, breed selection, etc.
  • HEALTH CHALLENGES: In the initial stages of development some birds may encounter minute enteric and systemic disease.
  • ANIMAL WELFARE CHALLENGES: To establish when and how to treat the birds with the new program regime, option of diverting to the conventional program, etc.

Prominent alternatives for antibiotics in poultry farming includes organic acids, essential oils, probiotics, prebiotics, phytobiotics, synbiotics, herbal drugs and many more being added in the list. The attributes of these substitutes are as follows;

  1. Should improve weight gain with lower FCR.
  2. It should improve performance effectively.
  3. It should not cause deleterious disturbance of normal gut flora.
  4. Should not be absorbed from the gut into edible tissues.
  5. It should have little therapeutic use in human or veterinary medicines preferably.
  6. Should be readily biodegradable.

To minimize the usage of all these products for specific benefits and use a single product in spite, Vinayak Ingredients have launched ‘A natural non-antibiotic growth promoter which perform all these peripheral as an advantage with a brand name “HERBOFLOXIN– A blend of various essential oils” which goes into the water and performs various actions as follows:

  • Complete gut acidification buy maintaining the pH in the acidific range.
  • Increased enzyme activities
  • As a sanitizer and disinfectant in cleaning water for birds.
  • It promotes the growth of various good bacteria and one of which is lactobacillus which secrete lactic acid and in turns maintains the pH more on the acidic side and prevents growth of bad bacteria
  • Improved antibody immune response.
  • Zero resistance and withdrawal period.

5 Tips To Combat Bio Aerosols In Poultry

Combat Bio Aerosols In PoultryAerial pollutants in confined animal houses are widely recognized as detrimental to the respiratory health of animals kept in these facilities. Primary and opportunistic microbial pathogens may directly cause infectious and allergic diseases in farm animals, and chronic exposure to some types of aerial pollutants may exacerbate multi-factorial environmental diseases. The key pollutants recognized in the airspace of livestock buildings are particles including dust, micro-organisms and their toxins, and gases such as ammonia, carbon dioxide and more than 100 trace gases such as volatile fatty acids. Under commercial production conditions the airborne particles will contain a mixture of biological material from a range of sources, with bacteria, toxins, gases and volatile organic compounds adsorbed to them. Hence, a more descriptive term for these airborne particles is bio-aerosol. Their sizes can range from aerodynamic diameters of 0.5 to 100 µm.

How are bio-aerosols formed?

Under commercial production the airborne particles will contain a mixture of biological material from a range of sources. The chickens produce large amounts of dust as a result of epithelial desquamation, as well as from feed, manure, faeces and litter (Matković et al., 2009). This dust consists of a variety of airborne particles of biological origin, i.e. bacteria, fungi, endotoxins (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) of Gram-negative bacteria, 1.3-beta-glucan of fungi, fungal spores and mycelium fragments. Hence, a more descriptive term for these airborne particles is bio-aerosol in which the microorganisms can occur either as liquid droplets or as dry particles.

To prevent this problem in poultry, Vinayak Ingredients has introduced a very effective product called “ESSENTIOLITT POULTRY”. Essentiolitt Poultry is a blend of essential oils which works as a poultry sanitizer and reduces the formation of Bio-aerosols. Its features are as below:

  1. 50% reduced respiratory diseases.
  2. It posses potential as natural agents for airborne bacterial activity inhibitors.
  3. They are ecological products for insect pests control.
  4. Reduction in mortality of birds due to severe respiratory problems.
  5. It is acts as a Bio-security in Farms.

Essentiality of good management practices in livestock production

Good management practices in livestock productionLivestock industry is an important component of the agricultural sector of any country producing meat, eggs, beef, pork and other quality products of animal origin. This industry plays a vital role in market development and use of technology. Food safety is universally recognized as a public health priority. It requires a holistic approach, from production to consumption. Various aspects of animal production are at risk from biological, chemical and physical agents. These agents can enter food-producing animals and animal products through a wide variety of exposure points in the production, with high potential risks for the consumers. Therefore it is essential that Good Management Practices are followed in the meat production to address these hazards. Following are the recommended Good Practices that should be followed on the farm.

Sanitation and hygiene:
All movable equipment like feeders, waterers and hovers should be removed from the house, cleaned and disinfected. The interior as well as exterior of the house should be cleaned under pressure. The house should be disinfected with any commercial disinfectant solution at the recommended concentration.

Brooder Management

Brooder house

It should be draft-free, rain-proof and protected against predators. Brooding pens should have windows for adequate ventilation. Availability of dust particles in the environment irritates the respiratory tract of the chicks. Also dust is one of the vehicles for disease transmission. Presence of more moisture in the environment causes ammonia fumes which irritate the respiratory tract and eyes.

Brooding Temperature

Heating is very much essential to provide right temperature in the brooder house.  Too high or too low temperature slows down growth and causes mortality. During the first week the temperature should be 95°F (35°C) which may be reduced by 5°F per week during each successive week till 70°F (21·10C). The brooder should be switched on for at least 24 hours before the chicks arrive. As a rule of thumb the temperature inside the brooder house should be approximately 20°F (-6·7°C) below the brooder temperature.

Animal Nutrition and Feeding

Meeting the requirements of livestock nutrition is extremely important to maintain acceptable performance of neonatal, growing, finishing and breeding animals. An optimal nutritional program should ensure adequate intakes of amino acids (essential and nonessential), carbohydrates, fatty acids, minerals, and vitamins by animals through a supplementation program that corrects deficiencies in basal diets.22 amino acids are needed to form body protein, some of which can be synthesized by the bird (non-essential), whereas others cannot be made at all or in sufficient quantities to meet metabolic needs (essential). Essential amino acids must be supplied by the diet, and a sufficient amount of non-essential amino acids must also be supplied to prevent the conversion of essential amino acids into non-essential amino acid. These essential amino acids must therefore be fed in order to supply the building blocks needed in the synthesis of body proteins thereby supporting growth.

Some other Farm management practices include, Litter management, Water Sanitization, Animal health management, Veterinary medicines and biological, Environment and infrastructure, Animal and product handling, etc.

We at Vinayak Ingredients Pvt. Ltd. Aim at making the livestock production free from all the major hazards for safe and healthy production and consumption of the meat. We believe in “HERBOCORE” process and our aim is to manufacture safe, eco-sustainable and cost effective solutions for the benefits of the industry”. Our wide variety of products includes:

  1. KiFAY-an Amino Acid Optimizer. It improves the availability of insulin receptors which are potential binding sites for IGF-1 and thus potentiating the action of IGF-1 resulting in improved ileal digestibility of various amino acids in the feed and also improves the their uptake from blood. Thus, improved amino acid accretion from blood results in better protein turn over. It also increases the efficacy and production of IGF-1 by stimulating insulin production resulting in increased bio-availability of IGF-1 in the liver.
  2. HERBOFLOXIN-Natural antibiotic growth promoter. It improves the number of good bacteria in the gut and simultaneously reduces the pathogenic bacteria.
  3. MUCOFORT-An Advance Mucin enhancer and respiratory tonic.
  4. ESSENTIOLITT-It is an anti-vector solution. Controls and eradicates all stages of the insects and also ensures unfavorable environment for them to prevent re-infestation.
  5. VINTOXO– an excellent Toxin Binder which absorbs various mycotoxins on the surface with a CEC of 35 to 45 mEq per 100gms, it is able to absorb polar as well as non-polar mycotoxins and clears it out of the system.

How To Prevent Red Mites Infestation In Poultry?

Prevent Red Mites Infestation In Poultry

Dermanyssusgallinae (the common red mite) are bloody sucking ectoparasites that infest the poultry sector especially chickens and turkeys. They are generally white or greyish in color, becoming darker or redder when engorged with blood. After feeding, they hide in cracks and crevices away from daylight, where they mate and lay eggs.

Life Cycle

The lifecycle from egg to adult mite is only seven days, and they progresses through 5 life stages: egg, larva, protonymph, deutonymph and adult. Under favorable conditions this life cycle can be completed within seven days. They start off as very small greyish-white mites that swell up into red colored mites after a feed and at their biggest are only 0.7mm so small numbers of them can be hard to spot unless you know what to look for.

Red Mites Infestation lifecycle In Poultry

Hazardous Effects

They affect the health of the birds indirectly by serving as vectors for various diseases such as Salmonellosis, etc. Low numbers of mites mainly cause irritation and annoyance to the chicken making it restless. However, large numbers of mites can suck enough blood causing anaemia in the chicken, resulting in a pale comb and wattles, weakness, dullness and reduced egg production.

Consequences Of Red Mite Infestation

Restlessness and stress in the flock, Skin irritation, reduced plumage quality, dermatitis, Feather-pecking, cannibalism. Weight loss, anemia, Negative impact on feed conversion ratio; Drop in egg production. Increase of second-grade eggs, More susceptibility to poultry diseases; Transmission of poultry diseases and zoonosis, Mortality in cases of extreme infestations, Health problems and stress for the farm staff.

To combat the deadly problem of Red Mite Infestation In the birds Vinayak Ingredients have launched its very unique product from its bucket of “HERBOCORE- natural origin” with a brand name “ESSENTIOLITT-I.” It is a highly competent litter de-infestation system and natural mites and fly repellent.”

Mechanism Of Action

It is a blend of essential oils in diatomaceous earth as a carrier which contains diatomite which ruptures the exoskeleton made of chitin by making the insect loose moisture, cause dehydration and thereby leading to death of the insect. Thus we cannot mix it in water because then it will lose its desiccant effect.

ADVANTAGES OVER CHEMICALS

  • A complete natural pest control system for the livestock industry.
  • Broad spectrum of action, eradicates all stages of the insects and also ensures unfavorable environment for them to prevent re-infestation.

Know about Enterococcus infection in Broilers

Enterococcus infection in BroilersEnterococcus cecorum is a Gram-positive bacterium which is a normal intestinal flora in mammals and birds. To date, only clinical cases of infection have been shown in broilers. The age at which the first clinical symptoms become noticeable varies widely. For example, one strain of broiler shows clinical symptoms at very young age (only 7 to 14 days old), while other strain detect no symptoms until by day 48.

Clinical symptoms

Affected birds can display a variety of symptoms, ranging from swollen, inflamed hocks to partial or even complete paralysis of the legs. Mostly the birds are observed sitting with their back arched stretching their legs outward. Therefore, these ultimately die due to lack of food and water. Mortality rate due to these leg problems is approximately 5 to 7 %.

Another typical feature of this enterococcus disease is that it affects male broiler to a much greater extent than hens. This is probably due to faster growth in them, which makes them more susceptible to stress on their bone structure and hence to infection in the bone tissue.

The bacteria predispose site because the 6th thoracic vertebra freely than 5th and 7th vertebrae. This makes 6th thoracic vertebra more susceptible to mechanical stress during growth. The bacteria gain entry for growth due to stress that causes microfratures in these locations.

Prevention and treatment

  • Thorough cleaning and disinfection of thewater pipes plus drinking water testing.
  • It is possible to treat this disease with antibiotics.

However due to problems associated with antibiotic resistance,it is important to start the control of these harmful bacteria at early stages of the poultry production cycle by maintaining balance of Good bacteria over bad bacteria in the poultry gut.  To help the industry in combating this problem we at Vinayak Ingredients(India) Private Limited introduces one of our niche product with a brand name; HERBOFLOXIN”- a blend of essential oils effective as natural non-antibiotic growth promoter. It is a non-antibiotic growth promoter because when birds are subjected to traditionally used antibiotics for a longer time they tend to develop resistance for particular antibiotics and their effect is no longer seen in the control of bacterial infection in the birds. Also these antibiotics produce certain resistance in human who are consuming these poultry species. Where with our ‘non-antibiotic growth promoter- HERBOFLOXIN’ there are no chances of resistance development and also withdrawal period which is necessary with use of traditional antibiotic.

MOA

Herbofloxin contains phyoconstituents of antibacterial nature which target the pathogenic gut bacteria and maintain slightly acidic pH. This slight decrease in the pH helps in colonization by gut commensals and resists pathogenic attachment to the gut wall. Thus improved gastrointestinal microclimate favors better digestibility and uptake of nutrients increasing weight of the poultry birds.

Various other advantages of Herbofloxin are as follows;

  • Complete gut acidification and antibacterial action.
  • Improved egg quality and size.
  • Uniformity in weight of eggs in a particular batch of flogs
  • Ease in transportation of eggs of uniform weight, size and quality.
  • Improved FCR

It is a complete growth promoter for poultry!

Ventilation Management in Poultry Houses

Ventilation Management in Poultry Houses - Vinayak IngredientsVentilation Systems
Depending on different ventilation requirements, ventilation systems are generally divided into two types :
1) Natural Air Flow System
2) Mechanical Air Movement (Fans).

Sometimes it is also combined to provide comfort to the chickens.

• Natural Air Flow System :
Ventilated shelters must be exposed to the wind, so place the building on a high site rather than in a low place at least 100 feet away from the side where the prevailing wind enters the building.

i) Winter Ventilation : Systems for cold weather are much more complicated than for warm weather because houses must be closed tightly for comfort and to conserve energy. Tight enclosures trap the gases, odors, humidity, etc. that must be dealt with continuously for the health of the birds.
ii) Summer Ventilation : A natural air system is used for warm weather conditions in houses with side curtains. This system uses temperature differences and natural air movement to remove excess heat and moisture, and to supply oxygen.

• Mechanical Ventilation System :
Mechanical air movement is required to properly ventilate a house in all extreme climatic conditions. They can be divided into two distinct types: (1) negative pressure and (2) positive pressure.

i) Negative (Exhaust) System: In the negative pressure system, fans are arranged to expel air from the building.

ii) Positive Pressure System: A positive pressure system uses fans to push air into the building and create a positive pressure.

How to Control Flies in Poultry Farm (5 Techniques)

How to Control Flies in Poultry Farm - Vinayak IngredientsIt is important to keep control over fly population which may irritate the farm animals and affect their performances. So here are few enlisted techniques which can be utilized to control or prevent flies on poultry farms

Fly Paper :
This is the most conventional technique towards other fly control options. Fly paper do work effectively but it has disadvantage as the fly paper containing hundreds of victim flies stuck can be unsightly and unattractive. Therefore, it has to be regularly removed and replaced with new fly papers which can also be laborious task.

Fly Traps :
The slight modified version of fly paper is the fly trap that is plastic containers with bait inside to lure flies. This is also equally effective, full traps can be ugly and smelly as well.

Misters :
A modern method to keep flies at bay is to install portable fly-spray throughout the farms. The fly spray has an insecticide which can be sprayed every 15 minutes. They are relatively inexpensive and have been tested and proven safe for use near livestock and farm pets.

Predators :
A very natural and eco friendly means to eliminate the types of flies is to use fly predators. Fly predators also known as parasitoids are very tiny and resemble ants with wings. Their sole purpose is to stop the reproductive cycle of flies. Although fly predators do not kill flies but it can be used in conjunction with insecticides to provide better results.

Feed Through System :
A feed through system also known as insect growth regulator consumed by the animals. The active ingredient, cyromazine, disrupts the pupal stage of the fly life cycle and damages the nervous system of the fly larvae. Recently, a new method has been developed to apply pyriproxyfen (PPF) as insect growth regulator. This prevents the development of fly larvae into adult flies.