WOODY BREAST – A REPULSIVE TEXTURAL TRAIT IN

BROILERS

People at the processing plants are getting better at identifying the condition and handling it before it gets to restaurants or consumers who would report it having been disappointed with the quality of their purchase. The affected meat tastes woody and stringy, some experts describe the texture as being “gummy”.
The heavier the bird, and the larger the quantity of meat on it, the more likely it is to develop woody breast. While the condition can be found in leg meat, it typically affects breast meat, with enough impact to disrupt the supply chain. In the laboratory, the condition can be detected in chicks as young as a week old.
ETIOLOGY AND MICROSCOPIC CHANGES IN THE MEAT
It was noted that only ten percent of breast meat has woody breast, but it can be detected by looking for pale meat with bulging areas. White stripes on the meat are also indicative of texture and taste defects in the meat. Also, chickens weighting more than nine pounds seem to be more likely to have woody breast syndrome Intensive breeding in broilers to strengthen the genetic markers for large breast meat, and this is thought to be a factor in the development of woody breast in recent years. The reported changes are: oxidation of proteins in muscles, muscle – fibre degeneration (Myopathy) and an increased deposition of connective tissue and fat microscopically. In addition, it has been noted that birds with woody breast have a decreased water-holding capacity, and are slightly larger on the growth curve than other birds. Heavier birds at one week old were more likely to have a
predisposition to develop the condition.
VARIOUS IDENTIFYING METHODS TO DETECT WOODY MEAT
Studies attempting to identify what causes woody breast, rather than having someone touch each fillet, it might be possible to X-ray the meat or use electrical impedance measurement and different applications of imaging technology. TENDERO, an amino acid optimizer keeps the muscles tender and free from unpleasant textural changes like woody breast, white stripping and spaghetti meat.

Its phytoconstituents: Piperines, Flavonoids and Polyphenols, boosts protein
synthesis at higher extent, lessens the percentage of myopathy and reduces
excessive fat deposition by increasing its metabolism in the myofibrils.
TENDERO is a specifically design natural supplement to improve sensory
characteristics is leading in the broiler industry for its benefits like improved weight gain, higher nutritive value, improved textural and processing features.
Feeding Recommendations:
Broiler finisher feeds: 1.5-2 kg per MT of feed

Hidden Profits in the Immune System of Poultry

While dwelling through the last couple of decades, poultry industry is been thriving incredibly. Beside assimilating profitable traits during selections, immune system is been underestimated; arising to increased susceptibility for pathogens, environmental and managemental factors.

The time from hatching to the onset of feeding is a critical period in the development of hatchling chicks. Around 2-5% of hatchlings do not survive this critical post-hatch period because of limited body reserves, and many survivors exhibit stunted growth, inefficient feed utilisation, reduced disease resistance or poor meat yield. The gut represents an evolving ecosystem crosstalk between the immunity and microbiota. Knowledge on poultry immunity facilitates the development of antibiotic alternative strategies to improve growth potential of poultry. Optimal combinations of various alternatives, coupled with good management and husbandry practices, is the key to maximize performance. Compromised immunity leading to an increase in the incidence of metabolic disorders, reduced resistance to infectious disease like Marek’s diseases, Egg drop syndrome, Necrotic enteritis, Coccidiosis, Infectious bursal diseases, etc; and higher mortality. In routine practice, some chicks of a hatch may often spend up to 36-48 hours without any access to feed or water.

This causes poor viability and retarded growth. Thus, the time from hatching to the onset of receiving nutrition is a critical period in the development of hatchling poultry. Appropriate nutrition and access to feed immediately after hatch can accelerate yolk utilisation and stimulate the growth and development of immune systems. So, why delay? Providing nutrients immediately post-hatch contributes to poultry enterprise profitability.


NUCLEOVIN, an Immune Optimizer

Our innovative research team has brought a state-of-the-art recipe which fulfils the deficits and modulates immunity directly. NUCLEOVIN is a potential immunomodulator, contains nucleotides, probiotics and vitamin C in its active forms. Numerous experiments on the product have shown highly significant outcomes. It can either be fed for prophylactic purpose as a non-antibiotic growth promoter or along with antidotes during outbreaks and also as a stress reliever.
Action zones of NUCLEOVIN – Immunosuppression: In environmental temperature, diseases, toxicity, vaccination, forced moulting and imbalanced nutrition; Reproductive performance: Fertility,
hatchability and egg production.
Benefits
Improved FCR, enhanced vaccine action, optimum hatchability, fertility, embryo survival and development, improved egg characteristics, reduced toxin stress, improved feed intake and FCR in heat stress, diseases resistance and reduced mortality.

Feeding recommendation
• 1g per litre of drinking water
• 150-250g per tonne of feed
Recommended feeding schedule
• Chicks: First 14 days
• Broilers: First 4 weeks
• Layers: First 4 weeks
• During stress periods until feed intake and production are retained back to normal

COVID-19, a grave shadow over poultry and feed market

COVID-19, a grave shadow over poultry and feed market

On one side the corona virus (COVID-19) outbreak has already slumped down the global economy, livestock and poultry industry has been suffering huge losses yet increasing over time. Amongst all, the Indian poultry market, which is valued over 90,000 crores has plummeted the most, resulting in more than 30% fall in the sector; which is also reported to affect 4 million employs of the country directly or indirectly.

The outlet prices have come down to 35-55Rs per kg live weight depending on the region, while 80-85Rs is cost of production per kg. As it was not enough, wholesalers saw decline in meat consumers by over 50%. At the same time there is hardly any variation in its products prices, benefiting traders in a way. Misinformation aired on the social media platforms can be blamed for the rumors for the unsupported claims of any relation of poultry and meat products with COVID-19. As per the reports, the impact is even worse in the western countries.

Already enduring livestock industry with the competitive raw ingredients prices like Soyabean and Maize in their compound feed, COVID-19 has also blown away steady growth of the industry. This will probably take long recovery period to reconcile the industry losses.

Again, to make up the bridge of pork industry affected by ASF(African swine fever), china had shown 12% growth in poultry sector last year, however after being the epicenter of novel COVID-19, the meat market is substantially disrupted. Insecurity of the supply chain has led to shut down the main feed manufacturers and slaughterhouses across the globe.

Not only the Asian countries, but also the whole world is experiencing the consequences of Corona Virus in livestock and feed industries along with fall in all markets at the start of new year. Keeping the belief on our rigorous safety practices and advanced medicine, hopefully we will soon get a breakthrough to tackle down the monstrous virus, which has already spread over more than 70 countries and costs thousands of lives and counting.

Vinayak industries private limited is stepping up with animal and feed industries to provide the best, pivotal and innovative products to heal economy, nurture and benefit the farmers while assuring safety and satisfaction to our consumers. Kindly check out our website for more content and our diverse range of scientifically studied products for multiple species.

Antibiotics as Growth promoters –is a bane or a boon?

To answer this question it is important to develop understanding about, what is the function of an antibiotic and how it does exactly promote growth in the animals. Also, how natural alternatives can effectively prove to be better substitute.

Antibiotics are antimicrobial drugs that are used to inhibit the growth of pathogenic microorganisms that often cause variety of diseases in animals; hence they are used as therapeutic drugs.

However, there has been the use of antibiotics in the poultry industry, in order to improve meat production through increased feed conversion, growth rate promotion and disease prevention. The postulated mechanisms for growth promotion using antibiotics are as follows-

  1. Antibiotic Growth Promoters (AGP) inhibit endemic subclinical infection
  2. Reduce growth depressing metabolites like ammonia or bile degrading products produced by microbes
  3. Reduce microbial use of nutrients
  4. Enhance uptake and use of nutrients because intestinal wall of AGP fed animal is thinner

However, prolonged use of antibiotics results into resistant microbial strains that pose a greater threat not only to the animals but also humans at large when these strains enter the food chain. Hence the use of antibiotics should be highly restricted.

An effective solution to the addressed issue would be use of natural derivatives that can exhibit similar growth promoting effects in the animal without posing a threat to the food chain.

Herbofloxin is a Natural Growth Promoter, composed of several natural origin derivatives which work in conjunction to produce effects similar to AGP.    

These plant-derived compounds mainly exert their beneficial effects as follows:

  1. Disrupt cell membrane of microbes
  2. Interfere with virulence properties of the microbes by increasing the hydrophobicity, which influences surface characteristics of microbial cells and make them susceptible to immune system
  3. Stimulates growth and proliferation of beneficial bacteria (e.g., lactobacilli and bifidobacteria) in the gut
  4. Act as immunostimulants
  5. Protects intestine from microbial attack
  6. Enhances the production and/or activity of the digestive enzymes
  7. Stimulate the proliferation and growth of absorptive cells (villus and crypt) in the gastrointestinal tract and increases nutrient absorption

Thus the cumulative result of these actions show growth promoting effects on the gut of the animal that mimics the effect of AGP. Hence Natural Growth Promoters like Herbofloxin prove to be effective AGP replacers.

How to increase Performance and Production in Poultry

As poultry farming has already proven to be a profitable business with minimum investment. A combination of quality nutrition, veterinary guidance and biosecurity in farm and bird management will help to ensure birds have the best possible chance to perform at their maximum potential.

The term FLAWS actually serves as a prompt for a detailed approach for the good management practices, not only during brooding stage but throughout the life of the flock. This reminds for the routine check for basic parameters such as feed, light, litter, air, water, bio security, sanitation, space and staff.

Pre-placement preparation

Advance preparation is needed before the new flock arrives to prevent losses during brooding and the rest of grow out.

Brooding management

Brooding is a period immediately after the hatch when special care and attention is given to chicks to support their health and survival. Since recently hatched chick has not yet developed their body mechanism to regulate its body temperature hence, it cannot maintain its body temperature properly for the first few weeks. Therefore the room temperature need to be adjust the temperature to 35°C (95F) at the edge of the brooder 2 inches (5cm) above the litter during the initial few weeks. Lower the temperature by 2.85°C (5F) each week until it reaches 70°F. Thus temperature of 21°C appears to be ideal during growing period. 

Litter management

The litter in a poultry house acts as bedding for the birds. Litter condition and quality have an impact on poultry health and profitability.

Proper management of wet litter is important for intestinal health of birds. Without proper management, wet litter can serve as a potent source for hazardous pathogens and may also act as a start point for stress and infection that develops and leads to disease.

Also, wet litter problems increase, ammonia levels in the farm rise that are potentially detrimental to bird health.

Sometimes, when the litter is too dry and dusty becomes an indicator that the birds may not be drinking enough. The dry feces in the powder form may lead to respiratory problems.

Water management

Water is the most crucial nutrient for poultry. Drinking water accounts for 70–80 percent of the bird’s daily physiological needs. Poultry will generally consume more water than feed. An abundance of clean water will reduce challenges and maximize performance.

Feed management

Proper balanced feed formulated on the basis of age, sex and physiological need helps in making the poultry full grown and disease free. Good feed quality that avoids contaminants such as mycotoxins is important to ensure performance.

Stocking density

Overcrowding during housing conditions generates high stress in poultry.  This has a negative impact on performance and production. Lowering stocking density throughout the overall production of the poultry may help to reduce stress.

Environmental management

General environmental management of the farm includes many components. Coccidiosis is one of the diseases of consideration based on the living condition of poultry.

As the poultry ingest eggs of parasite from contaminated litter, and these pass into the intestinal tract, They targets the intestinal cells. Several cycles of replication occur which lead to the formation of new oocysts which are shed in the feces. When the suitable environmental conditions like temperature and humidity prevails, the oocysts sporulate and become infective. The entire cycle takes 4 to 6 days. Thus massive immense replication during intracellular phase makes the parasite a serious problem in farm management.

Mortality checks

Cull diseased birds as early as possible.

Look into your Poultry Feed…

As the Monsoon has arrived, high humidity in an environment and feed exposed to such environment can easily retain moisture. This results in the degradation of feed nutritive value.

This high moisture provides ambient conditions to grow mould and fungi. Elevating the risk of various toxins in the feed. Since these toxins are secondary metabolites of fungus and moulds resulting in degrading the feed quality and ultimately reflecting an adverse effect on poultry performance and production.

Feed contaminated with fungus such as Aspergillus flavus results into mycotoxins commonly known as aflatoxins (AF), B1, B2, G1 and G2 etc.  Affecting the birds as:-

1. Reduction of feed intake

2. Poor nutrient absorption and altered nutrient metabolism

3. Frequent disease outbreak in flocks

4. Gastrointestinal and hepatic problems   

5. Poor FCR and egg production and high mortality

So to avoid such conditions consequently, necessary prevention and well effective methods should be taken to detoxify toxins-containing feedstuffs. Therefore, one should select a toxin binder that should complete bind the different toxins and expelling the toxin from the system completely. It should avoid minerals and vitamins to be cheated in gut. Along with this, it should be hepato protectively and rejuvenating the lost liver cells due to toxin damage.

Developing a toxin binder which is natural in origin will help in optimizing the nutrient absorption and biotransformation of various toxins from the system. Natural ingredients like bioactive charcoal and clay help to bind the toxins from the system. Organic acids help in maintaining the normal gut pH and act as mould inhibitor. Prebiotics helps to maintain beneficial gut microflora in the birds. Herbal extracts provide hepatoprotective and hepato stimulant effect and improve the feed digestion for better performance and production of the bird.

Thus in nutshell, a toxin binder should prevent the formation and bio-activation of mycotoxins into toxic metabolites, prevent systemic deleterious effects of absorbed mycotoxins, improve liver function, enhance the utilization of nutrients, FCR and production performance in poultry.

Phytoremedie for Coccidiosis

Coccidiosis … that single word strikes fear in every poultry farmer mind- and it should be, as coccidiosis is one of the heights mortality causing pathogen for the poultry industry.
Looking in the broad sense, coccidiosis is a disease of the intestinal tract caused by the microscopic parasites belonging to the genus Eimeria. Most often spread by bringing infected hens into the flock, or by wild birds, it is then picked up chickens through contact with the infected feces or through drinking contaminated water. It generally manifests itself as diarrhea, bloody droppings (red poop), ruffled feathers, poor appetite and lethargy and results in an inability to absorb nutrients in food. The disease has a high mortality rate in chicks and death usually occurs within aweek of first seeing symptoms. Even if a bird survives, permanent intestinal tissue damage often occurs. As immune system is centered in the intestine of poultry, survivors could have a compromised immune system for life.
Anticoccidial chemicals, coccidiocides and coccidiostats being generally used as a mainstream strategy to control avian coccidiosis but these strategies have very high maintenance cost and show residual drug resistance in meat. Therefore all these conditions encouraged the development of alternative natural control strategies.Phytoremidies, i.e. use of medical local herbs like Allium sativum, Curcuma longa and Tinospora cordifolia etc, have shown Immunomodulator, coccidiostate and anti-inflammatory in actions. These herbs help in eliminate negative factors of microbial infections. They interact with the life cycle of Eimeri and inhibit speculation of cociddia effectively. Active phytochemicals from these herbs have therapeutic effect and act as a immunomodulatory agents which boost antimicrobial immune responses to uphold homeostasis of poultry health. These, can be utilized as an alternative method to reinforce immune response against multiple avian coccidiosis species.
The phytoconstituents are non-steroid anti-inflammatory (NSAIDs) in nature. They act as a therapeutic agent by generating the pharmacological response to subside the inflammation in the gut cause due to intracellular coccidial infiltration.
We focus on the recent advances in the understanding of the potential of these herbs and their compounds to prevent and treat avian coccidiosis. However, the actions, mechanisms and therapeutic potential of these herbal ingredients against avian coccidiosis are the subjects to study more…

What is the role of Hepatoprotectant in poultry?

What is the role of Hepatoprotectant in poultry?

The liver is the central laboratory of a chicken’s body. It is essential that this organ is kept in an excellent condition in order to maintain a healthy bird. Understanding the metabolic function and causes of disruptions in liver functions helps us to provide the birds with the right feed and health treatment. The liver contains great functional reserve capacity, which is very important in domestic animals subjected to high production requirements.

What are the functions of liver in poultry?

The liver in a chicken has several significant functioning including; bile secretion, detoxification, metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins, as well as several other metabolic functions.

Liver diseases: Important damage can occur before clinical signs become apparent. The clinical silence of the hepatic lesions is due its significant reserve of functional capacity, its complex and its extraordinary capacity of regeneration. Several syndromes are recognized in the poultry and a few of them are;

Hepatoencephalopathy: medical condition characterized by neurologic symptoms caused by intoxication of the brain by products of protein digestion, namely ammonia.

Hemochromatosis: it is a disease of excessive storage of Hemosiderin (iron-containing pigment) in various body tissues.

Fatty Liver Syndrome: this condition occurs primarily in birds kept in cages, but has also been recognized as a less significant problem in birds kept on litter. It is associated with birds fed high energy diets and the first sign of the syndrome is an increase in mortality of the flock with birds in full production being found dead with pale heads.

Need for HEPATOPROTECTANT:

To overcome effects of these conditions in poultry there is a need for a hepatoprotectant/ liver tonic which is a combination of lipotropic agents, liver stimulants, antioxidants, mould inhibitors and toxin binders as a complete liver tonic.

Such a unique combination is KiFAY which apart from being an amino acid optimizer also has as a hepatoprotectant effect in poultry as follows:

  1. A ready source of amino acids for hepatic regeneration
  2. Better utilization of fats
  3. Facilitate detoxification and liver cell rejuvenation
  4. Natural defence against free radicals causing cell damage, including that of liver.
  5. Reduction in mycotoxins formation   

Biofilm Management In Poultry

Water is essential in controlling body temperature, supports the immune system, assist in food digestion, and aids in the processing and elimination of body wastes. Regardless of procurement of water, another concern is contamination of water inside the watering systems through a substance called “BIOFILM. It occurs when bacteria attach to the pipe walls in a drinking system, creating a sticky substrate.

Biofilms are commonly defined as attached bacterial colonies of either single or multiple species, encased in an extracellular matrix. Biofilms support the survival of bacteria in suboptimal conditions and increase resistance to disinfectants, antimicrobials, and antibiotics. To date, it is estimated that 99% of bacteria can grow in biofilms, and it is has been suggested that for the majority of bacteria, biofilms are the normal mode of existence.

 Plant essential oils like Thyme, Eucalyptol, Clove, Citronella, etc have been used for hundreds of years as natural medicines to combat a multitude of pathogens, including bacteria, fungi, and viruses . Several essential oils confer antimicrobial activity by damaging the cell wall and membrane, leading to cell lysis, leakage of cell contents, and inhibition of proton motive force.  In addition, there is evidence that they effectively kill bacteria without promoting the acquisition of resistance.

A blend of all such essential oils is HERBOFLOXIN”-This micro emulsified system;

  • The target zone for Herbofloxin is the gut; it has an antimicrobial effect in the gut due to which there is no bioflim formation.
  • It improves the number of good bacteria in the gut and simultaneously reduces the pathogenic bacteria. This action of Herbofloxin, in turn, provides a natural growth promoter effect in Poultry.
  • Herbofloxin is freely soluble in water and targets species include Salmonella, E.coli, Campylobacter and Clostridium

An overview of Feeding Chickens for increasing Performance and Productivity

Overview of feeding chickens

An essential part of raising chickens is nourishing – feeding makes up the significant cost of production and great nutrition is reflected in the bird’s performance and its productivity.

Feeding Options

The most advantageous method for feeding chickens is with a well balanced pelleted ration, regardless of whether the birds are restricted inside or permitted to range outside. Most diets contain corn for vitality, soybean meal for protein, and vitamin and other mineral supplements. Commercial rations regularly contain antibiotics to promote and enhance development, coccidiostats for battling coccidiosis, and mold inhibitors. In any case, it is possible to acquire unmedicated encourage check nourish marks to check whether they contain feed additives. In the industry, feed is pelleted so the bird can eat more at one time. Chickens are nibblers and make visit to the nourish trough for little dinners, which requires vitality. Pelleting lessens the measure of vitality required for a feathered creature to bolster.  Distinctive rations are frequently utilized, depending upon the production stage of the bird. Starter rations are high in protein- an expensive feed ingredient. However, grower and finisher rations can be lower in protein since older birds require less. Access to clean water is important. Levels of total dissolved solids over 3000 ppm in the water can meddle with poultry wellbeing and production.

Home-mixed Rations

Poultry feed ingredients incorporate energy concentrates, for example, oats, corn, grain, wheat, sorghum, and milling by-products. Protein concentrates incorporate soybean meal and other oilseed meals, cottonseed meals, animal protein sources, grain legumes, for example, dry beans, peas, and alfalfa. Grains are generally ground to enhance absorbability. Since protein is one of the most expensive feed ingredients, the industry utilizes focused on rations and decrease the measure of protein in the eating routine as the chickens develop; notwithstanding, it may not be cost-effective to have diverse eating diets for starters, growers, and finishers. Vitamin pre-mix is normally included however might be diminished by utilizing horse feed. Different plants also give vitamins in their leaves, hulls, and wheats. Fish oil can give vitamins A and D. Yeast gives a ration of the B vitamins. UV light is a decent source of vitamin D for going chickens. Trace mineral is normally added to poultry diets, yet different sources can give minerals. Meat and bone meal is a fantastic source of minerals, especially calcium and phosphorus, and additionally being a decent protein source. Probiotics are once in a while given to chicks during placement and before transportation.

Certified Organic Diets

Home-mixed diets are especially valuable to certified natural poultry producers. In spite of the fact that pre-mixed natural poultry rations are accessible for procurement, they can be costly and maybe ought to be dispatched from long distances.

Feed Additives in the Diet

Feed additives are added to improve the efficiency of broiler growth, laying capacity of layers, prevent diseases and to promote health. The feed additives used in poultry diet include amino acids, vitamins, antimicrobials, pH control agent, and enzymes. Protein and amino acids form an important building block in poultry nutrition. The quality of protein is graded by its illeal amino acid digestibility, the higher the digestibility the better is the ingredient as a protein source. Deficiency of essential amino acids result in retarded growth or reduced egg size or reduced egg production.

To help the industry in balancing the protein turnover and amino-acid optimization of the birds, We at Vinayak Ingredients (India) Private Limited introduces one of our niche product with a brand name; KiFAY”- an Amino Acid Optimizer.  It is an all in one product for optimizing your poultry feed and production.

MOA OF KiFAY: It improves the availability of insulin receptors which are potential binding sites for IGF-1 and thus potentiating the action of IGF-1 resulting in improved  ileal digestibility of various amino acids in the feed and also improves the their uptake from blood. Thus improved amino acid accretion from blood results in better protein turn over. It also increases the efficacy and production of IGF-1 by stimulating insulin production resulting in increased bio-availability of IGF-1 in the liver.

The reason why we should use KiFAY:-

  • In broilers it increases the weight by improving feed conversion ratio (FCR) and protein utilization.
  • In layers KiFAY enhances the quality and other parameters of egg like;
  • Egg shell weight by 9-10%, Egg shell thickness by 15%, Egg weight 8%, Egg length by 15-16%, Egg width by 32-33%
  • It also reduces faecal nitrogen deposition by improving protein turnover.
  • It acts as a hepatoprotectant by inhibiting free radicals causing damage to the liver cells.
  • It  optimizes immunomodulation by enhancing Gut associated lymphoid tissues (GALT)

Thus KiFAY acts as a performance enhancer in poultry.