Tail Biting: A Disastrous Behavioral Vice in Swine

Tail Biting: A Disastrous Behavioral Vice in Swine

Factors yielding to financial losses:

Tail biting is considered one of the major financial and animal welfare issues within the commercial swine industries due to reduced weight gain, veterinary treatments, leanness, culling, feed intake, reproduction traits and carcass condemnation

What are the several reasons triggering the nuisance?
The studies ultimately yielded variable results due to the many factors of tail biting and the fact general solutions are not appropriate for all farms. Factors that can trigger tail biting commonly include feeding issues like competition for feed, water and high fat diets. Also, management practices are potential stressors like stocking density, temperature and ventilation regulation. 

Tail biting in pigs is an abnormal behavior whereby a pig uses its teeth to bite, chew or orally manipulate another pig’s tail. The severity ranges from light manipulation of the tail to physically harming the tail, causing infection, amputation or even harming areas surrounding the tail. 

In several countries, tail docking was a popular practice until animal welfare authorities condemned the mainstream trend and banned.  Since the vice has multiple origins, it is almost impossible to control. 

CalmaTrope – A healing touch for the uncontrollable aggressive behavior 

CalmaTrope is a specially designed supplement for vices like Tail, Ear, Flank, Vulva Biting caused by aggressive behavior. It is a combination of synergic herb extracts along with tryptophan, magnesium, vitamin E and C. Its diverse approach to deal with the condition makes it unique amongst all.

Stress induced adverse behavior is controlled by tryptophan which is a potent serotonin precursor (controls moods) and the combo of other active constituents have muscle relaxing and antioxidant properties. It helps in controlling anxiety, reduces plasma corticosteroids and neuro-muscular stimulation; allowing animals to feel calm and compose

CalmaTrope has large market in the biting prone areas. It is featured for its benefits like lower incidence of skin, shoulder and loin lesions; low carcass damage; drastic reduction in temperament. Safe and natural ingredients of CalmaTrope comply with feed and farming regulations. 

Feed recommendations

For Individual Supplementation: 0.1g per kg body weight per day (0.1/Kg Body weight/day)

For Feed Incorporation: 3-4 kg per MT of feed 

WOODY BREAST – A REPULSIVE TEXTURAL TRAIT IN Broilers

WOODY BREAST – A REPULSIVE TEXTURAL TRAIT IN Broilers

People at the processing plants are getting better at identifying the condition and handling it before it gets to restaurants or consumers who would report it having been disappointed with the quality of their purchase. The affected meat tastes woody and stringy, some experts describe the texture as being “gummy”.
The heavier the bird, and the larger the quantity of meat on it, the more likely it is to develop woody breast. While the condition can be found in leg meat, it typically affects breast meat, with enough impact to disrupt the supply chain. In the laboratory, the condition can be detected in chicks as young as a week old.
ETIOLOGY AND MICROSCOPIC CHANGES IN THE MEAT
It was noted that only ten percent of breast meat has woody breast, but it can be detected by looking for pale meat with bulging areas. White stripes on the meat are also indicative of texture and taste defects in the meat. Also, chickens weighing more than nine pounds seem to be more likely to have woody breast syndrome Intensive breeding in broilers to strengthen the genetic markers for large breast meat, and this is thought to be a factor in the development of woody breast in recent years. The reported changes are oxidation of proteins in muscles, muscle fiber degeneration (Myopathy), and increased deposition of connective tissue and fat microscopically. In addition, it has been noted that birds with woody breast have a decreased water-holding capacity, and are slightly larger on the growth curve than other birds. Heavier birds at one week old were more likely to have a
predisposition to develop the condition.

VARIOUS IDENTIFYING METHODS TO DETECT WOODY MEAT
The US has brought Certified Quality Reader (CQR), is a first-ever, non-invasive, handheld device that instantaneously detects and measures woody breast in broiler fillets based on electrical impedance analysis (BIA) to detect woody breast a muscle myopathy. Also at large processing plants, it might be possible to X-ray the meat or use electrical impedance measurement and different applications of imaging technology.

TENDERO, an amino acid optimizer keeps the muscles tender and free from
unpleasant textural changes like woody breast, white striping and spaghetti meat.
Its phytoconstituents: Piperines, Flavonoids, and Polyphenols, boosts protein synthesis to at a higher extent, lessen the percentage of myopathy, and reduces excessive fat deposition by increasing its metabolism in the myofibrils. It improves marination results by enhancing the infusion of flavoring compounds into the chicken.
TENDERO is a specific design natural supplement to improve sensory characteristics is leading in the broiler industry for its benefits like improved weight gain, higher nutritive value, improved textural, and processing features.
Feeding Recommendations:
Broiler finisher feeds: 1.5-2 kg per MT of feed

COVID-19, a grave shadow over poultry and feed market

COVID-19, a grave shadow over poultry and feed market

On one side the corona virus (COVID-19) outbreak has already slumped down the global economy, livestock and poultry industry has been suffering huge losses yet increasing over time. Amongst all, the Indian poultry market, which is valued over 90,000 crores has plummeted the most, resulting in more than 30% fall in the sector; which is also reported to affect 4 million employs of the country directly or indirectly.

The outlet prices have come down to 35-55Rs per kg live weight depending on the region, while 80-85Rs is cost of production per kg. As it was not enough, wholesalers saw decline in meat consumers by over 50%. At the same time there is hardly any variation in its products prices, benefiting traders in a way. Misinformation aired on the social media platforms can be blamed for the rumors for the unsupported claims of any relation of poultry and meat products with COVID-19. As per the reports, the impact is even worse in the western countries.

Already enduring livestock industry with the competitive raw ingredients prices like Soyabean and Maize in their compound feed, COVID-19 has also blown away steady growth of the industry. This will probably take long recovery period to reconcile the industry losses.

Again, to make up the bridge of pork industry affected by ASF(African swine fever), china had shown 12% growth in poultry sector last year, however after being the epicenter of novel COVID-19, the meat market is substantially disrupted. Insecurity of the supply chain has led to shut down the main feed manufacturers and slaughterhouses across the globe.

Not only the Asian countries, but also the whole world is experiencing the consequences of Corona Virus in livestock and feed industries along with fall in all markets at the start of new year. Keeping the belief on our rigorous safety practices and advanced medicine, hopefully we will soon get a breakthrough to tackle down the monstrous virus, which has already spread over more than 70 countries and costs thousands of lives and counting.

Vinayak industries private limited is stepping up with animal and feed industries to provide the best, pivotal and innovative products to heal economy, nurture and benefit the farmers while assuring safety and satisfaction to our consumers. Kindly check out our website for more content and our diverse range of scientifically studied products for multiple species.