Phytoremedie for Coccidiosis

Coccidiosis … that single word strikes fear in every poultry farmer’s mind- and it should be, as coccidiosis is one of the heights mortality causing pathogen for the poultry industry.
Looking in the broad sense, coccidiosis is a disease of the intestinal tract caused by the microscopic parasites belonging to the genus Eimeria. Most often spread by bringing infected hens into the flock, or by wild birds, it is then picked up chickens through contact with the infected feces or through drinking contaminated water. It generally manifests itself as diarrhea, bloody droppings (red poop), ruffled feathers, poor appetite, and lethargy and results in an inability to absorb nutrients in food. The disease has a high mortality rate in chicks and death usually occurs within a week of first seeing symptoms. Even if a bird survives, permanent intestinal tissue damage often occurs. As the immune system is centered in the intestine of poultry, survivors could have a compromised immune system for life.
Anticoccidial chemicals, coccidiosis, and coccidiostats being generally used as a mainstream strategy to control avian coccidiosis but these strategies have very high maintenance costs and show residual drug resistance in meat. Therefore all these conditions encouraged the development of alternative natural control strategies. Phytoremidies, i.e. use of medical local herbs like Allium sativum, Curcuma longa, and Tinospora cordifolia, etc, have shown Immunomodulator, coccidiostat, and anti-inflammatory in actions. These herbs help eliminate negative factors of microbial infections. They interact with the life cycle of Eimeria and inhibit the speculation of coccidia effectively. Active phytochemicals from these herbs have a therapeutic effect and act as immunomodulatory agents that boost antimicrobial immune responses to uphold the homeostasis of poultry health. These can be utilized as an alternative method to reinforce immune response against multiple avian coccidiosis species.
The phytoconstituents are non-steroid anti-inflammatory (NSAIDs) in nature. They act as a therapeutic agent by generating the pharmacological response to subside the inflammation in the gut caused due to intracellular coccidial infiltration.
We focus on the recent advances in the understanding of the potential of these herbs and their compounds to prevent and treat avian coccidiosis. However, the actions, mechanisms, and therapeutic potential of these herbal ingredients against avian coccidiosis are the subjects to study more…

Problems of Indian Dairy Industry

Problems of Indian Dairy Industry

The world’s largest milk producer and consumer of dairy products are in India, consuming almost 100% of its own milk production. Milk products are a major source of cheap animal protein and nutritious food to millions of people in the world. Small scale dairy farming is the main source of income for small and marginal farmers.

The matter of consideration is that most of our livestock are “underfed” and hence suffer from “Negative Energy Balance” which hampers the milk quality and quantity. The potential productivity of our livestock is constantly decreasing due to negative protein balance, negative water balance, negative vitamin balance, and Negative mineral balance. These are some simple reasons why milk productivity per animal in India is low.  

The huge demand of milk production is primarily the fallout of dairy farming policy reflected in Operation Flood. Following the success of dairy farming policy by the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) new and updated strategies have been implanted. Improvement in standard quality parameters for laboratory analysis of milk by dairy and food industry has been set (protein, fat, carbohydrate, total solids, sugar, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals) for milk.

To overcome the poor quality issue in the dairy sector, feed supplement that can optimize the protein demand by improving the SNF % in milk need to be focused. The maximum genetic potential capacity of animals can be explored at the cellular level, pulling more amino acids in protein synthesis. Accelerating the body translates process ultimately leading to increased protein content in milk.

Thus, in the nutshell higher the SNF, the better the quality of milk criteria can be set for judging the milk quality.

In high-yielding animals, during the peak lactation period, there is a constant demand for food that is a rich source of amino acid that supports the ongoing anabolic process in the body. It should prevent animals from negative energy balance, maintaining healthy immunity status, improve protein, and enhance proper body development.